*A paper read at the South African Medical Congress, Johannesburg, September 1952. The anatomy of the pulmonary segments is descriptionbed and a plea is made for the use of a standardized nomenclature. The pulmonary segments and the approach to them are descriptionbed, as well as some of the difficulties in their surgical removal. The principles underlying pulmonary resection are conservation of normal lung tissue and the removal of only the affected parts. The scope of pulmonary resection has been extended to patients who are either not fit enough to undergo a more extensive resection or who require bilateral pulmonary operations.
*A paper read at the South African Medical Congress, Johannesburg, September 1952. A brief historical review of decortication of the lung and its recent return to popularity is presented. The aims of the operation are outlined, and the indications discussed. The applicability of the operation to cases of tuberculosis and mixed empyema is stressed. The investigation of these cases is outlined and the operative technique descriptionbed. A series of 20 cases of decortication of the lung performed at King George V Hospital is presented.
The literature on congenital tuberculosis is reviewed briefly. A case of congenital tuberculosis associated with maternal tuberculous spondylitis is reported. It is suggested that congenital tuberculosis resulting from infection late in the gestation period is not invariably fatal.