oa South African Medical Journal - The dangers of overhydration during and after operations - two case reports



In a major operation such as a partial gastrectomy, a fluid loss of up to 4 litres may result. This is loss of extracellular fluid by translocation into the splanchnic bed, bowel lumen and tissues adjacent to the wound, besides the fluid lost through excessive fasting and sweating in the apprehensive patient.


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