There have been many interesting and exciting developments in the field of gastro-enterology in the past few years. Many of these advances have been due to technical skills in physiology, biochemistry and radiology, but newer diagnostic and therapeutic measures have also been introduced.
Scrutiny of the mucosal folds in barium-meal examinations can be rewarding not only from the viewpoint that they are irregular or destroyed but whether they are substantially increased or decreased in prominence yet regular in outline.
A series of patients suffering from hepatitis and jaundice were studied in order to ascertain whether the ASO titre would assist in early diagnosis of these diseases, and whether it would help in the differentiation of the various types of hepatitis.
Urinary indican, a metabolic product of bacterial action on tryptophan in the small bowel, has been estimated in the urine as an indirect indication of small bowel bacterial contamination, in 50 normal controls, 18 patients with small bowel disease, 22 patients with calcific pancreatitis and group of 20 children with kwashiorkor and 10 control children of a similar age-group.