oa South African Medical Journal - The electrocardiogram in chronic bronchitis and emphysema

Volume 45, Issue 8
  • ISSN : 0256-9574
  • E-ISSN: 2078-5135



In a carefully selected series of 50 White adults with chronic bronchitis and emphysema, it has been confirmed that P wave axis and shape, as well as QRS axis and degree of clockwise rotation, are related to the degree of airway obstruction, assessed by FEV1/FVC%.

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