Prior to 1971 no South African court has pronounced itself on the grounds upon which termination of pregnancy may be legally justified. On the basis of Roman-Dutch Law sources, the traditional view was that the sole ground recognized by our law is to save the life of the pregnant woman.
Mediastinoscopy has proved of considerable value in thoracic diagnosis. It is the most productive investigation in sarcoidosis, lymphatic carcinomatosis, the complications of breast cancer and for solid mediastinal masses.
Four case histories are presented demonstrating the efficacy of treating prolonged ileus on a physiological basis, i.e. by (i) reversal of extrinsic sympathetic inhibition by alpha and beta adrenergic blockade; (ii) augmentation of intrinsic motor drive by cholinergic stimulation.
Because there is uncertainty concerning the nature and possible behaviour of papillomas and low-grade carcinomas of the urinary bladder, a plea is made for the further study of the pathology of these lesions.