During an l8-month period a study was undertaken among the schoolgoing children of an entirely rural population, to obtain an impression of the average incidence of tuberculosis measured in terms of the Heaf-reactions.
Advanced cases of pulmonary tuberculosis with congestive cardiac failure had been found to carry a high mortality when treated with streptomycin, isoniazid and ethionamide, so a trial was designed to assess the value of using an alternative regimen, consisting of kanamycin and ethambutol.
Microsporum audouini was cultivated from 75% of 44 cases of tinea capitis occurring in Tsolo District of the Transkei; this was surprising, since previous reports have indicated the rarity of M. audouini in South Africa.
Toxic effects of Xhosa medicine causing morbidity and mortality were observed among inpatients in a mission hospital in the Ciskei. In all recorded cases the intake of Xhosa medicine was confirmed by the patient or his relatives, but no details are known about the nature of the substance used.