oa Madoqua - Anthrax epizo tics in Etosha National Park
|Article Title||Anthrax epizo tics in Etosha National Park|
|© Publisher:||Namibian Ministry of Environment and Tourism|
|Affiliations||1 Nature Conservation and Tourism Branch, South West Africa Administration|
|Publication Date||Jan 1977|
|Pages||99 - 118|
|Keyword(s)||B. anthracis organisms, Carnivorous animals, Contaminated waterholes, Control methods, Farming areas, Inoculation, Insects, Long-term control measures, Northern bantu territories, Quarantine regulations, Resistance to disease, Soil, Source of infection, Transmission of anthrax, Water and Wildlife|
Anthrax has been recorded in domestic animals, wildlife and humans since early times in South West Africa. Inoculation has reduced the incidence in domestic animals, but in recent years anthrax has assumed great importance in Etosha National Park where it was responsible for an estimated 54% of the total recorded mortality. From January 1966 to June 1974 the disease caused the deaths of at least 1 635 animals and affected 10 wildlife species. It was diagnosed in plains zebra, blue wildebeest, springbok, elephant, gemsbok, kudu, ostrich, giraffe, eland and cheetah.
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