oa Madoqua - Characteristics of Lion roars in Etosha National Park
|Article Title||Characteristics of Lion roars in Etosha National Park|
|© Publisher:||Namibian Ministry of Environment and Tourism|
|Affiliations||1 Etosha Ecological Institute, Okaukuejo, S.W.A.|
|Publication Date||Jan 1988|
|Pages||315 - 318|
|Keyword(s)||Body positions, Comparisons, Deeper in tone, Diminishing amplitude, Duration of roar, Frequency, Hunting activities, Louder, Short grunts, Sunrise and Time|
The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of roars, when roaring occuerred and to teat the hypothesis that lions have individual roaring patterns. For the purpose of this paper the roar is defined as the combination of moans resulting in fulI throated roars and grunts.
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