oa Madoqua - Further progress in understanding anthrax in the Etosha National Park
|Article Title||Further progress in understanding anthrax in the Etosha National Park|
|© Publisher:||Namibian Ministry of Environment and Tourism|
|Affiliations||1 *Anthrax Reference Laboratory, Public Health Laboratory Service Centre for Applied Microbiology and Research, Porton Down, Salisbury, UK. **Etosha Ecological Institute, Okaukuejo, Namibia. ***Central Veterinary Laboratory, Windhoek, Namibia. ****Department of Veterinary and Animal Science, Paige Laboratory, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA|
|Publication Date||Jan 1989|
|Pages||93 - 104|
|Keyword(s)||Aerobic bacterial counts, Blood agar, Bovine serum albumin, Ecological considerations, Haemolysis, Herbivores mortality, Isolation media, Mud samples, Peroxidase-conjugated antibodies, Soil samples, Sterne strain sporulate and Waterholes|
Culture and serological results obtained during a 5-week field study on anthrax in the Etosha National Park are presented. With one exception - a water sample from a natural fountain - Bacillus anthracis was only isolated from animal specimens or environmental samples associated with animals known to have or suspected of having died of anthrax and no environmental ""reservoir"" for the bacterium could be identified. In laboratory tests, vegetative forms of B. anthracis inoculated into water samples declined rapidly in number and spore forms showed no inclination to germinate.
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