n Management Dynamics : Journal of the Southern African Institute for Management Scientists - Perceptions of time and time management : a multicultural investigation

Volume 13, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1019-567X



The main objective of this study was to investigate perceived cultural differences in the perceptions of time and time management, and the implications regarding productivity amongst socio-demographic groups in Port Elizabeth. The study was based on previous research and used a modified version of a questionnaire developed by various authors. The sample (n=804) was drawn, using a non-probability sampling technique, from English-, Afrikaans-, and Xhosa-speaking respondents in the Nelson Mandela Metropole. Results confirm significant differences between socio-demographic groups observed in a previous study regarding time perception. Cultural differences deduced from home language influenced time perception and the ability to manage time productively. These results have important implications for time management training both at a personal and career level.

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