n Management Dynamics : Journal of the Southern African Institute for Management Scientists - Burnout, psychological strengths and coping strategies of senior managers in a manufacturing organisation

Volume 13, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 1019-567X



The objective of this study was to empirically assess the relationships between burnout, sense of coherence, selfefficacy, locus of control, and coping strategies of senior managers. A cross-sectional survey design was used. The sample consisted of 64 senior managers in a manufacturing organisation. Five questionnaires were administered, namely the Maslach Burnout Inventory, the Orientation to Life Questionnaire, the Generalised Perceived Self- Efficacy Scale, the Work Locus of Control Scale, and the COPE Questionnaire. The results showed that psychological strengths (sense of coherence, self-efficacy, and an internal locus of control) were related to constructive coping strategies such as problem-solving and positive reinterpretation. Exhaustion, cynicism, and low professional efficacy were associated with low scores regarding psychological strengths. Turning to Religion as a coping strategy was associated with exhaustion and cynicism.

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