n Management Dynamics : Journal of the Southern African Institute for Management Scientists - Employee engagement : the role of psychological conditions

Volume 22, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1019-567X



The purpose of this study was to investigate the antecedents of employee engagement in the context of a developing country. A cross-sectional survey design was used with a sample of 309 employees in organisations in Namibia. A biographical questionnaire and questionnaires that measure employee engagement and antecedents of engagement were administered. Work-role fit and job enrichment showed the strongest relationships with employee engagement, while rewards, co-worker relations, resources, supervisor relations and organisational support showed moderate relationships with employee engagement. Work-role fit, job enrichment and the availability of resources affected employee engagement indirectly via experiences of psychological meaningfulness, while the availability of resources and co-worker relations affected employee engagement indirectly through psychological availability. The results confirm the important role of psychological meaningfulness and psychological availability as mediators between work-role fit, job enrichment, resources and co-worker relations on the one hand, and employee engagement on the other.

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