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- Marang : Journal of Language and Literature
- OA African Journal Archive
- Volume 17, Issue 1, 2007
Marang : Journal of Language and Literature - Volume 17, Issue 1, 2007
Volume 17, Issue 1, 2007
Author Arua E. AruaSource: Marang : Journal of Language and Literature 17, pp 1 –11 (2007)More Less
From data collected through the observation of 15 community junior and senior secondary schools, and a survey of 43 English language teachers in the observed schools, the paper descriptionbes the conflict in the use of Botswana English and Standard British English in the English language classrooms. The findings of the study reveal teachers uncertainty regarding the model of English to use in the classroom, students fear and confusion regarding the varieties of English appropriate in various contexts and a hostile learning environment which makes students reluctant to engage in meaningful interaction in English. It is necessary for policy makers to begin to think about the nature of the English being taught in schools. Teachers will need to acquire student management skills to improve the environment in which English is acquired.
Author Margaret O. BiakoloSource: Marang : Journal of Language and Literature 17, pp 13 –28 (2007)More Less
Varieties of English; English language teaching The teaching of reading in Botswana Government primary schools This study investigated how reading is taught in Botswana Government schools. The findings indicate that inadequate reading instruction by teachers, their inability to model and provide students with research-based proven strategies, lack of reading specialists/coaches in the primary schools, the use of only basal series as the primary texts for reading, were responsible for the presence of many struggling readers and non-readers in the Botswana Government Primary Schools. The study is important in that it will reacquaint teachers with some aspects of the reading process, adequate reading instruction and ability to model reading strategies in their classes. In this regard the Ministry of Education may have to employ reading couches in the primary schools. The paper also recommends, among other things, raising the status of reading by making it a school subject in its right so that it can be examined just like any other school subject.
Phonological sensitivity of selected nta newscasters to sound-spelling discrepancy in english and its implications for oral English teaching in NigeriaAuthor Taiwo SoneyeSource: Marang : Journal of Language and Literature 17, pp 29 –42 (2007)More Less
This study examined the Phonological Sensitivity of newscasters in the Nigerian Television Authority (NTA) to sound-spelling discrepancies in English. This is an often ignored but essential variable in English studies, hence its need. Thirty newscasters from one zonal and one non-zonal station provided the data. Respondents were examined based on the framework of Orthographic Complexity which employs rhyme-matching, alliteration-oddity detection, elision and phoneme counting tasks. Epi-info (version 6) was employed for data entry and STATA for the computer analysis. The results indicated that only 36.67% of respondents recognized phonological redundancies in the elision task of supposedly common English words. The probability of the occurrence of spelling pronunciation across phoneme, rhyme and alliteration tasks was 0.032, 0.193 and 1.000 respectively. Respondents were sensitive to spellings with phonemic tendencies as 80% passed in American sound-spelling compliant words and 45% when otherwise. The study concluded that the orthographic complexity of the English language is an important precursor of processing abilities and that the preponderancy of research in mother tongue interference as the major reason for Nigerians poor pronunciation is half the truth. It decried as obsolete the pedagogic practice of gauging speakers performances against natives and recommends the teaching of dialectal variations in Nigeria.
Author Kemmonye C. MonakaSource: Marang : Journal of Language and Literature 17, pp 43 –51 (2007)More Less
The importance of languages in education and in the other important sectors of human interaction and development does not seem to have been an issue in the definition and practice of democracy in Botswana. Although the country claims to be democratic and hosts over twenty five ethnic languages, it does not see the need to accord them official recognition, let alone introduce them in education even as evidence of giving its citizenry democratic (human) rights. Only English (the official language) and Setswana (the national language) are used in education and government business. In the education sector, these two languages are and have been used as the sole languages of school even in areas predominant with learners from non-Setswana or English speaking communities. Apart from disadvantaging learners educationally and creating problems related to cognitive development, this denies learners whose languages are unacceptable certain human rights. For these, the ideals of democracy appear rather lofty and superficial at best or irrelevant at worst. This paper examines this question of languages of education and how the ideals of democracy are made ineffective when it comes to educational provisions.
Author Fani-Kayode OmoregieSource: Marang : Journal of Language and Literature 17, pp 53 –69 (2007)More Less
In February 2004, the Right Reverend Alexio Churu Muchabaiwa in a gathering of over 800 Catholic men for the St Joseph's Guild National Congress at Regina Mundi School in Gweru declared that The cultural practice of resting the spirit of departed relatives (kurova guva) is destroying Christianity. This comment puts into perspective the efforts of previous scholars who have written on this ceremony, descriptionbing its social context. Most scholars have concentrated on what is done at the ceremony, how it is done and what happens if that which is supposed to be done is not done. In this paper, my concern is neither with the recent views expressed by the Right Reverend Alexio Churu Muchabaiwa nor what the scholars listed above have written about the ceremony, my intention is to look at the ceremony from the viewpoint of language and communication. It is through the use of appropriate language and behaviour, determined by the context, that the ceremony realizes its intended success. Without that particular language and behaviour of that particular register, the register might not meet with success and the ceremony ends in a fiasco. A descriptionption of the social structure or the inclusion of some anthropological data has been deemed necessary because it is from such contexts that we get language. All other data were gathered from personal observations of some aspects of the ceremony, while researching on the dramatic aspects of the ceremony, and interviews conducted with people who took part in all the aspects of these ceremonies.
Author Michael BermanSource: Marang : Journal of Language and Literature 17, pp 71 –82 (2007)More Less
In this academically eclectic essay, I look at the complex role of oral literature in society through a case study of the famous American legend of John Henry. I am chiefly concerned with (a) the multiple claims of the heros origin, b) the conflicting opinions of folklorists, (c) the question of the legends historicity, and finally, d) how all three areas intersect. In the end, I find that much is at stake in the answer to my initial question: Who was John Henry? Scholars have devoted their careers to this query. African Americans and labor unions, among other groups, have each claimed him as their representative. American cities have built monuments to him, held festivals to celebrate his feats, and released postage stamps with his likeness, all with the intention of engraining the legend into the lore of their particular jurisdictions. Meanwhile, musicians and storytellers have grappled fiercely with academics, the former accusing the latter of ruining the legend through endless analysis. As the title suggests, these wars over this national icon unearth the subtleties of the political economy of labor, the ironies of racial identity, and the intricate relationship between folklore and fiction.
Source: Marang : Journal of Language and Literature 17, pp 83 –93 (2007)More Less
In February 2006, Botswana Television (BTV) screened a commissioned television drama series entitled Thokolosi. This drama series, which deals with witchcraft, is set in a Botswana village called Bobonong. The contents of the drama series in relation to the village attracted criticisms from the public, which culminated in a heated controversy. While a section of the Batswana audience cherished the pioneering indigenous effort of the filmmakers, a cross-section, particularly indigenes of Bobonong and their sympathizers, frowned at the production, denouncing it as stereotypical, parochial, and ethnically biased. The aim of this paper is to contribute to the censorship debate in a positive mode, by attempting to enlighten the viewing public on how to deal with works of art and to sensitize artistic producers to expectations from the consuming audience.
Author Syed Hajira BegumSource: Marang : Journal of Language and Literature 17, pp 95 –103 (2007)More Less
The concern of my paper is to analyze and explore the concept of New Woman in the novels of Nigerias well-known writers: Chinua Achebe and Buchi Emecheta. As the focus is on the life of African women to reveal post-colonial reality, the novels of the above writers that are set almost in the same age have been chosen. In the struggle of self-fulfillment, African women reconfigure African womanism, prioritizing female individualization. Subverting the powerlessness of women to authority, the female protagonists in both the novels become a new breed of Nigerian women in the making. The emergence of femaleness and the woman centered endings of Anthills of the Savannah and Kehinde explicitly show their struggle is not a crusade for sexual and social justice, but a paradigm that articulates a still unrealized striving for self-expression.