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- Volume 12, Issue 1, 2014
South African Gastroenterology Review - Volume 12, Issue 1, 2014
Volume 12, Issue 1, 2014
Source: South African Gastroenterology Review 12, pp 1 –3 (2014)More Less
The World Gastroenterology Organization (WGO) and its foundation has declared Gut Microbes as a topic of global importance in digestive diseases for 2014. In this current issue of Gastro Review the complex relationship between gut flora and humans are highlighted by Eamonn Quigley. Hippocrates was quoted in 370 BC that "all disease begin in the gut" - his hypothesis that we are just beginning to understand why.
Author V.G. NaidooSource: South African Gastroenterology Review 12, pp 7 –11 (2014)More Less
SAGES members often ask what their society is doing on their behalf to justify ongoing membership. This is a perfectly justified query. Members pay subscription fees, nominate candidates and vote in representatives to council at the annual general meeting (AGM). Reports are given at the AGM, however all members may not be able to attend and debate issues within the society at this forum. I was thus tasked to provide a report on the activities of SAGES that is easy to digest and hopefully provide food for thought.
Source: South African Gastroenterology Review 12, pp 12 –13 (2014)More Less
The Cape Town organising committee has great pleasure in welcoming the XXVI meeting of the International Society of University Colon and Rectal Surgeons (ISUCRS) and their members for the combined 2014 congress in Cape Town. The Organising Committee is excited to host a major international colorectal meeting for the first time in sub Saharan Africa.
Author E.M.M. QuigleySource: South African Gastroenterology Review 12, pp 14 –18 (2014)More Less
For the past ten years the World Gastroenterology Organization (WGO) and its foundation, WGOF, have chosen a specific topic of global importance in digestive diseases to highlight as its theme for World Digestive Health Day (WDHD). Originally designed to focus on a single day, May 29th, the anniversary of the founding of WGO, WDHD has expanded over the years into a year-long "celebration" of the topic through educational events and activities variously targeted at gastroenterologists, other medical practitioners, health care workers and the general public.
Author E. FredericksSource: South African Gastroenterology Review 12, pp 19 –27 (2014)More Less
Epidemiological studies have convincingly shown that chronic inflammation predisposes to cancer. Examples of chronic inflammation leading to cancer formation include:
- Chronic H pylori gastritis leading to gastric cancer,
- Chronic pancreatitis leading to pancreatic cancer and
- Longstanding inflammatory bowel disease associated colitis leading to colon cancer.
Source: South African Gastroenterology Review 12, pp 28 –31 (2014)More Less
Classifications of acute pancreatitis have kept pace with progress in the growing understanding of the aetiology, pathophysiology, treatment and outcome of the disease. The 1992 Atlanta classification of acute pancreatitis has recently been revised to include an intermediate group with moderately severe acute pancreatitis, in recognition of the limitations imposed by a dichotomous classification that assigned patients to either a mild or severe acute form of pancreatitis. Any local or systemic complications resulted in a severe acute pancreatitis categorisation and as a result patient outcomes within this heterogenous group were variable. The revised classification also provides definitions for the local pancreatic complications of acute pancreatitis to enable consistent worldwide reporting.
Author E. Van der MerweSource: South African Gastroenterology Review 12, pp 32 –35 (2014)More Less
The management of patients who have been diagnosed with coeliac disease and do not show a satisfactory response on a gluten free diet represents a treatment challenge to the physician.
It is not only the decreased quality of life that these patients experience with chronic fatigue, malabsorption and nutrient deficiencies, but also the well-recognised complications of long term untreated coeliac disease such as osteoporosis and increased fracture risk, infertility, increased risk of malignancy and increased risk of other auto-immune diseases that compel us to seek answers and find successful treatment strategies for these patients.
Author Sharan RambarranSource: South African Gastroenterology Review 12, pp 38 –39 (2014)More Less
The Amsterdam Endoscopy Live meeting is held every year in Amsterdam at the Hotel Okura. The meeting is convened at the hotel conference room and real-time Gastrointestinal (GI) Suite links are made from the central teaching hospital Academisch Medisch Centrum (AMC) to the hotel. World endoscopic experts give lectures, impart tip and tricks, as well as perform live endoscopic demonstrations of how to manage difficult clinical scenarios in the world of GI endoscopy. These include both diagnostic and therapeutic interventions. The latest technology is discussed and put through their paces during the GI Suite links. The AMC team select patients from their clinic that pose a variety of diagnostic or management problems. This allows the delegates to get valuable insights into managing difficult pathologies while watching world experts at work.
Source: South African Gastroenterology Review 12 (2014)More Less
The Viral Hepatitis Interest Group (VHIG) is a loose affiliation of virologists, hepatologists, infectious disease physicians, surgeons, paediatricians and scientists interested in viral hepatitis. The inaugural meeting took place in 2012 at the Division of Medical Virology, Stellenbosch University involving Professor Michael Kew, Professor Wolfgang Preiser, Professor Christo van Rensburg, Dr Jantjie Taljaard and Dr Mark Sonderup. The aim of the group is to provide an opportunity to discuss issues related to viral hepatitis in the African setting. Viral hepatitis is a forgotten disease, with HIV, tuberculosis and malaria being the focus of most of the major health initiatives here.