n South African Gastroenterology Review - Improving outcomes in acute pancreatitis : review

Volume 12, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1812-1659



Classifications of acute pancreatitis have kept pace with progress in the growing understanding of the aetiology, pathophysiology, treatment and outcome of the disease. The 1992 Atlanta classification of acute pancreatitis has recently been revised to include an intermediate group with moderately severe acute pancreatitis, in recognition of the limitations imposed by a dichotomous classification that assigned patients to either a mild or severe acute form of pancreatitis. Any local or systemic complications resulted in a severe acute pancreatitis categorisation and as a result patient outcomes within this heterogenous group were variable. The revised classification also provides definitions for the local pancreatic complications of acute pancreatitis to enable consistent worldwide reporting.

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