n South African Gastroenterology Review - WGO-OMGE Practice Guideline Dysphagia - January 2004 : Final Version : guidelines

Volume 3, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1812-1659



Extracted from text ... The South African Gastroenterology Review ? November 2005 9 GUIDELINES Swallowing Stages by Phase Food enters oral cavity Mastication and bolus formation Tongue elevates and propels bolus to pharynx Soft palate elevates to seal nasopharynx Larynx and hyoid bone move anterior and upward Epiglottis moves posteriorly and downwards to close Respiration stops Pharynx shortens Upper esophageal sphincter relaxes Bolus passes to esophagus Esophageal contracts sequentially Lower esophageal sphincter relaxes Bolus reaches stomach Oral Phase Oro-pharyngeal Phase Esophageal Phase WGO-OMGE Practice Guideline Dysphagia - January 2004: Final Version 1. DEFINITION Dysphagia either refers to the difficulty someone may have with initiating ..

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