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n South African Gastroenterology Review - Cholelithiasis and type 2 diabetes mellitus in Nigerians : original
Background: Gallstone disease is one of the most common gastrointestinal diseases seen in clinical practice. Individuals with Diabetes mellitus are reported to have a 2 to 3-fold increase in the incidence of cholesterol Gallstone. Studies have shown a higher prevalence of Gallstone disease in patients with Diabetes mellitus. However there is no literature on Gallstone disease and the Nigerian type 2 diabetic patients. This study was therefore designed to determine the prevalence of Gallstone disease using abdominal ultrasound scan amongst Nigerians with type 2 Diabetes mellitus.
Methodology: 100 type 2 diabetic patients and 100 age and sex- matched controls under-went real time ultrasonography to determine the prevalence of Gallstone disease.
Result: 15% of the diabetic patients had ultrasound evidence of Gallstone disease as compared to 7% in non diabetic controls.
Conclusions: Gallstone disease in Nigerians with type 2 Diabetes mellitus may not be rare.
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