n South African Gastroenterology Review - Cardiac and pulmonary complications in portal hypertension : review
|Article Title||Cardiac and pulmonary complications in portal hypertension : review|
|© Publisher:||In House Publications|
|Journal||South African Gastroenterology Review|
|Publication Date||Jan 2009|
|Pages||6 - 11|
Apart from complications directly relating to the liver dysfunction and increased hepatic venous pressure such as encephalopathy, prolonged INR, hormonal imbalances, oesophageal varices and ascites, extrahepatic complications relating to the systemic circulation, the heart, lungs, kidneys and brain can occur and aggravate the prognosis.
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