South African Gastroenterology Review - Volume 9, Issue 3, 2011
Volume 9, Issue 3, 2011
Author Nazeer Ahmed Ismail ChopdatSource: South African Gastroenterology Review 9 (2011)More Less
Stockholm is situated on Sweden's South-central East coast, where Lake Mälaren meets the Baltic Sea. The central parts of the city consist of fourteen islands that are part of the Stockholm archipelago and cover an area of about 7,084 square kilometres (2,735 square miles). I was fortunate to have been given the opportunity to attend this prestigious meeting.
Source: South African Gastroenterology Review 9, pp 6 –8 (2011)More Less
Until the 1960s, descriptions of these inhabitants were difficult, and Clostridium Perfringens, Lactobacilli, Enterococci and Escherichia coli were considered the predominant bacteria. However, newer techniques have now established that the human gut is colonized by microbial cells that outnumber the total humans cell mass by ten to one, and the gut microbial genetic repertoire (microbiome) to be approximately 100-times greater than that of the human host. Given the ability of the immune response to rapidly counter-infectious agents, it is striking that such a large density of microbes can exist in a state of synergy within the human host.
Source: South African Gastroenterology Review 9, pp 9 –11 (2011)More Less
Studies have shown that alcoholic liver disease develops in women after a short duration of drinking and with a lower daily alcohol intake than in men. According to population studies men usually must take 40 to 80 grams of alcohol daily and women 20 to 40 grams daily over a period of 10-12 years to achieve a significant risk of alcohol induced liver disease.
Source: South African Gastroenterology Review 9, pp 13 –14 (2011)More Less
Psoriasis, Rheumatoid Arthritis/Ankylosing Spondylitis and Inflammatory Bowel Disease are connected because they are all treated with an Anti- TNF agent. Since TNF (Tumour Necrosis Factor) is a Pro Inflammatory cytokine and is central in the pathogenesis of all Chronic Inflammatory Diseases, these diseases belong to this group of disorders.
World Gastroenterology Organisation Global Guidelines Helicobacter pylori in developing countries August 2010 : WGO global guidelinesSource: South African Gastroenterology Review 9, pp 16 –22 (2011)More Less
Helicobacter pylori (Hp) is found in half the population of the world. Its prevalence is highly variable in relation to geography, ethnicity, age, and socioeconomic factors - high in developing countries and lower in the developed world. In general, however, there has been a decreasing trend in the prevalence of Hp in many parts of the world in recent years.
Balancing the books It's all about the money. We're victims, not the villains : private practice reviewAuthor Stephen GroblerSource: South African Gastroenterology Review 9, pp 23 –25 (2011)More Less
Much has been said on tariff and codes, but we have been frustrated by the Competition Commission ban on health tariff negotiation. The proposed Pricing Negotiating Forum has not yet seen the light and the Minister of Health has threatened price regulation. Health care costs in South Africa (and the rest of the world), continue to spiral upwards in an unaffordable fashion. Specialists and hospitals are purported to be "cost drivers". But non-health care costs of medical schemes and medical scheme administrators are siphoning off loads of money for administration, brokers fees and managed care services.
A multidisciplinary approach to acid reflux disease : extra-oesophageal reflux disease clinical challenges : reflux meetingAuthor Chris KassianidesSource: South African Gastroenterology Review 9, pp 26 –27 (2011)More Less
Extra-oesophageal reflux disease is an increasingly recognized complication of acid reflux disease presenting with a variety of symptomatic manifestations. In view of the increased morbidity and lack of understanding a nationwide series of symposia, hosted by the Gastro Foundation, were recently held with the assistance of a generous educational grant from AstraZeneca in order to highlight aspects of the pathophysiology and approach to treatment.
Source: South African Gastroenterology Review 9 (2011)More Less
The Train the Trainers workshop organised by the World Gastroenterology Organisation (WGO) has been held in Chennai, India from 10 to 14 April 2011. This workshop has been conceived as an educational workshop for adults who are already teachers in their own environment, to further improve and introduce new concepts in adult teaching. It stands to reason that only practitioners with an interest in Gastroenterology would be accepted on this workshop.