n South African Psychiatry Review - The intercontinental schizophrenia outpatient health outcomes (IC-SOHO) study : baseline clinical and functional characteristics and antipsychotic use patterns in the North Africa and Middle Eastern (AMEA) region : original article
|Article Title||The intercontinental schizophrenia outpatient health outcomes (IC-SOHO) study : baseline clinical and functional characteristics and antipsychotic use patterns in the North Africa and Middle Eastern (AMEA) region : original article|
|© Publisher:||In House Publications|
|Journal||South African Psychiatry Review|
|Author||Frans A. Korb, Cinar Yenilmez, Abderrahmane Belaid, Mohamed Ghazi, Abdel-Naser Omar and Istvan Bitter|
|Publication Date||Aug 2004|
|Pages||27 - 34|
|Keyword(s)||Antipsychotic agents, Clinical characteristics, Functional characteristics, IC-SOHO, Middle East, North Africa, Outpatients and Schizophrenia|
<I>Objective:</I> To describe the baseline findings of the Intercontinental Schizophrenia Outpatient Health Outcomes (IC-SOHO) study in the North Africa and Middle Eastern sub-region (AMEA-SOHO) <br><I>Method:</I> The IC-SOHO study is an ongoing prospective, three-year, non-interventional observational study of schizophrenia treatment, clinical characteristics and mental health services utilization in two North African and two Middle Eastern countries. The study population consists of non-hospitalised patients who had initiated treatment with or changed to a new antipsychotic. <br><I>Results:</I> The baseline findings of the IC-SOHO study (AMEA Subset) appear to reflect clinical practice in Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Algeria (N=1, 398). Overall, the patients were moderately to markedly ill and either overweight (46%) or obese (8%) when they entered the study. Functionally, the majority of patients were not involved in social activities, could not care for themselves and were unemployed. Substance and alcohol dependency/abuse was not a problem in this study population. At baseline the majority of patients were treated with typical antipsychotics (oral and depot); and anticholinergics were the most commonly prescribed concomitant medication. Sexual side effects were most frequently reported among the surveyed adverse events. Overall compliance/adherence to medication was good. <br><I>Conclusion:</I> The baseline IC-SOHO data highlighted various clinical and functional characteristics and antipsychotic use patterns in a group of outpatients with schizophrenia in a naturalistic setting. Once completed, the IC-SOHO study will add further to this knowledge base.
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