n African Journal of Psychiatry - Psychosocial aspects of epilepsy in Nigeria : a review : review article
|Article Title||Psychosocial aspects of epilepsy in Nigeria : a review : review article|
|© Publisher:||In House Publications|
|Journal||African Journal of Psychiatry|
|Author||A. Akinsulore and A. Adewuya|
|Publication Date||Nov 2010|
|Pages||351 - 356|
|Keyword(s)||Epilepsy, Lagos State University College of Medicine, Nigeria, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Wesley Guild Hospital and Psychosocial|
Background : Epilepsy is a chronic disorder marked by intermittent, often unpredictable seizures which may be embarrassing and disruptive to the normal activity of daily living. This review was undertaken to provide information / data on the prevalence, seizure types, treatment issues and psychosocial impact of epilepsy in Nigeria. Method : We searched the PUBMED database with emphasis on studies conducted in Nigeria using a combination of the following words: epilepsy, seizure, convulsion, prevalence, epidemiology, psychiatric morbidity, social issues, quality of life, cognition, school performance, treatment issues and Nigeria. Result : 48 relevant studies that met the criteria were reviewed. The point prevalence of epilepsy varies from 5.3 to 37 per 1000 in Nigeria. Most studies showed a predominance of generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Nigerian patients with epilepsy suffer social deprivation and discrimination in education, employment, housing, marital life as well as associated psychiatric morbidity. Conclusion : Epilepsy, a stigmatizing disorder in Nigeria, has a significant impact on the day to day functioning of those with the condition.
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