Obstetrics and Gynaecology Forum - Volume 15, Issue 1, 2005
Volume 15, Issue 1, 2005
Author Hein OdendaalSource: Obstetrics and Gynaecology Forum 15, pp 1 –2 (2005)More Less
Extracted from text ... EDITORIAL Obstetrics & Gynaecology Forum - 1 Alcohol use during pregnancy and abruptio placentae The high perinatal mortality rate amongst coloured mothers in the Western Cape is of great concern. According to the most recent Perinatal Problem Identification Programme (PPIP), based on 47, 383 deliveries, the stillbirth rate for infants of =500 g was 34 per 1000 births.1 The neonatal mortality rate was 10 per 1000 births. This reflects an excessive number of stillbirths. In contrast, the fetal death rate of different European countries varies between 3.6 and 7.4/1000 total births.2 For infants with birth weights of = ..
Author W. SteynSource: Obstetrics and Gynaecology Forum 15, pp 6 –11 (2005)More Less
Extracted from text ... REVIEW Obstetrics & Gynaecology Forum - 6 Elective caesarean section on request - the scientific evidence is lacking Caesarean section is a vital tool in modern obstetrics. It can be a life-saving procedure when performed for indications such as placenta praevia, abruptio placentae, fetal distress or transverse lie. However, these are relatively rare complications of pregnancy and the WHO previously stated that there were no added advantages if the caesarean section rate increased above 10% in low risk populations and 15% in high risk populations. 1 Although these recommendations were based on the caesarean section rates in countries ..
Author H. OdendaalSource: Obstetrics and Gynaecology Forum 15, pp 12 –20 (2005)More Less
Extracted from text ... REVIEW Obstetrics & Gynaecology Forum - 12 Adverse effects of cigarette smoking during pregnancy Smoking of cigarettes is a major health problem. This habit is causing the death of about 5 million people per year.1 More than 4000 chemicals, of which at least 60 are known carcinogens, are contained in the smoke from tobacco in cigarettes. The most harmful components are nicotine and carbon monoxide. Nicotine is highly addictive, since it can cause both stimulation and euphoria. 2-4 Outside pregnancy the most common general adverse health effects of cigarette smoking are lung cancer, heart disease, atherosclerotic vascular disease, ..
Author P.S. SteynSource: Obstetrics and Gynaecology Forum 15, pp 23 –27 (2005)More Less
Extracted from text ... REVIEW Obstetrics & Gynaecology Forum - 23 The use of health behavioural theories in health promotion and education Health promotion and education involves three key programme planning activities, namely conducting a needs assessment, developing and implementing a programme and evaluating an intervention's success.1 The health education community has not always been specific in the processes involved in the planning and development stage and typically researchers relegate the discussion of an intervention development and design to a few sentences. Applications of behavioural and social science theories to intervention design in health education are given important consideration, but are not ..
Omental teratoma in supernumerary ovary, in a pregnancy complicated by pre-eclampsia and HIV : case reportSource: Obstetrics and Gynaecology Forum 15, pp 28 –30 (2005)More Less
Extracted from text ... CASE REPORT Obstetrics & Gynaecology Forum - 28 Omental teratoma in supernumerary ovary, in a pregnancy complicated by pre-eclampsia and HIV Twenty-five case reports of omental teratomas associated with gynaecological or surgical conditions have been found during an electronic data search. We report here an interesting and unusual case of an omental teratoma diagnosed during pregnancy, which was also complicated by pre-eclampsia and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The pre-eclampsia and HIV infection are incidental findings, and there is no evidence in the literature to support any association between teratomas, HIV and pre-eclampsia. Case report A 36-year-old woman, ..
Source: Obstetrics and Gynaecology Forum 15 (2005)More Less
Extracted from text ... O&G CPD ANSWER FORM - Subscribe to the O&G Forum CPD programme and earn 16 CPD points per year CPD reference number A008/086/03/2004 Continuing Professional Development Point Questionnaire Accredited by the Wits CPD Office Instructions 1. Read the journal to find all the answers 2. Answer the questions and mark the answer form by putting an "X" in the appropriate square. 3. Make a photocopy for your records in case the form is lost in the mail. 4. Tear out page and place the answer form in a envelope, seal it and send to:- In House Publications, O&G CPD Points, ..