Obstetrics and Gynaecology Forum - Volume 16, Issue 2, 2006
Volume 16, Issue 2, 2006
Source: Obstetrics and Gynaecology Forum 16, pp 33 –34 (2006)More Less
Extracted from text ... Obstetrics & Gynaecology Forum ? May 2006 33 EDITORIAL O&G Forum 2006;16:33-34 In the developing world (including South Africa) cervical cancer remains the most or second most common cancer of women. In these countries population wide cervical screening programmes were never established while in some countries rather minimalistic screening programmes (including the World Health Organization recommendations that every woman should have at least one cervical smear in her life time) have been attempted without even reaching their objectives. In South Africa a national cervical screening policy has been accepted allowing for women using the public health care sector to have ..
Is endometrial ablation still a valid option in the management of abnormal uterine bleeding? : review articleAuthor Z. AbdoolSource: Obstetrics and Gynaecology Forum 16, pp 38 –42 (2006)More Less
Extracted from text ... Obstetrics & Gynaecology Forum ? May 2006 38 REVIEW O&G Forum 2006;16:38-42 History of the study of uterine cavity Although the interior of the uterus has been studied for more than two centuries by pioneers using mirrors, specula and candles, modern hysteroscopy was practiced from the early 1900's when David described the technique, the indications and contraindications.1 Hysteroscopy is now considered the gold standard not only for visualizing the cervical canal and uterine cavity but also for treating different benign pathological endometrial conditions. In the 1980s-1990s there were only two options for performing endometrial biopsies - blind procedures (dilatation ..
Source: Obstetrics and Gynaecology Forum 16, pp 44 –46 (2006)More Less
Extracted from text ... Obstetrics & Gynaecology Forum ? May 2006 44 REVIEW O&G Forum 2006;16:44-46 Introduction Borderline tumours of the ovary are epithelial tumours with a low rate of growth and a low potential to invade or metastasise. The concept of borderline tumours of the ovary has been controversial for over a century while currently the borderline category is included in the modern classifications of ovarian tumours. This has been to some extent fuelled by the difference between morphology and clinical behaviour. These tumours also attracted more than one descriptive terminology, the morphologic descriptive term "borderline ovarian tumours" currently being preferred over "ovarian ..
Author J. NdhlovuSource: Obstetrics and Gynaecology Forum 16, pp 49 –52 (2006)More Less
Extracted from text ... Obstetrics & Gynaecology Forum ? May 2006 49 REVIEW O&G Forum 2006;16:49-52 Introduction An association between sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV infection has been established. STIs are not only a marker of sexual activity but may enhance HIV transmission. Therefore HIV prevention policies have adopted STI management and surveillance as an essential component of prevention programs.1 Immune cell activation is important in the life cycle and pathogenesis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 (HIV-1) infection in humans. Activation of mononuclear leukocytes, the principal target of HIV infection, promotes virus entry, provirus integration into the host cell DNA, ..
Author J. BikoSource: Obstetrics and Gynaecology Forum 16, pp 55 –57 (2006)More Less
Extracted from text ... Obstetrics & Gynaecology Forum ? May 2006 55 REVIEW O&G Forum 2006;16:55-57 Introduction Adolescence refers to the time period between childhood and adulthood during which the body experiences a growth spurt, becomes capable of reproduction and undergoes great psychological change. It is a time of dynamic change that varies from culture to culture and is influenced by factors such as socio-economic status, societal expectations, environment and family. In the 1970s less than 50% of 19-year-old girl children were sexually active but by the 1980s more than 50% of 17- year-old girl children were reportedly sexually active. The Youth Risk ..
Source: Obstetrics and Gynaecology Forum 16 (2006)More Less
Extracted from text ... O&G CPD ANSWER FORM - MAY 2006 Subscribe to the O&G Forum CPD programme and earn 16 CPD points per year CPD reference number A008/024/02/2006 Continuing Professional Development Point Questionnaire Accredited by the Wits CPD Office Instructions 1. Read the journal to find all the answers 2. Answer the questions and mark the answer form by putting an "X" in the appropriate square. 3. Make a photocopy for your records in case the form is lost in the mail. 4. Tear out page and place the answer form in a envelope, seal it and send to:- In House Publications, ..