While magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an excellent tool for describing anatomy, ultrasound imaging has found more widespread use due to more favourable cost and accessibility issues, and because of superior imaging qualities
With growing interest in the field of fetal and maternal medicine over the past years, it has become imperative that every practicing obstetrician is familiar with a reasonable number of fetal conditions for prompt referral and management. This review focuses on antenatal management of congenital diaphragmatic hernia. This is a condition in which some portion of abdominal organs protrudes into the chest cavity through a defect in the diaphragm. It account for 8% of fetal anomalies.The incidence is reported to vary between 1 in 2000 to 1 in 5000 live births. This condition develops between the 6th and 10th weeks of gestation.
Intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR) remains a complex management problem in modern obstetric practise. It is a major cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality in South Africa as well as in the developed world and is a cause of great concern for the patient, her family and doctor.
One in 4000-4500 live female births will eventually be diagnosed with congenital absence of the vagina and uterus. This condition is known by many names, the most consistent are: Mullerian aganesis or theMayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome.