oa Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia - Anesthesia for non-cardiac surgery in children with congenital heart disease : SASA refresher text
It has been estimated that 0.8% of children born in the United States will be diagnosed to have some form of congenital heart disease. (CHD) Many of these children will require surgery for noncardiac conditions that are commonly encountered during childhood (e.g. inguinal hernia, dental caries, or chronic tonsillitis). Moreover, many children with CHD have other associated noncardiac (e.g. orthopedic or genitourinary) congenital anomalies that require surgical repair. Many of these procedures are performed in general hospitals by noncardiac anesthesiologists. It is therefore essential that the anesthesiologist be knowledgeable, not only of the basics of pediatric anesthesia, but also of the pathophysiology of the cardiac lesions.
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