oa Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia - Glucose control : : SASA refresher text



Diabetes mellitus (DM) is the most common non-communicable disease worldwide. Presently there are about 150 million diabetics; it affects between 1 and 2% of the population in the United Kingdom (UK), and about 10% of the population in the United States of America (USA). There may also be an equal number of undiagnosed patients. Diabetes affects about 1 in 6 patients over the age of 65 years, and 1 in 4 over the age of 85 years; over 90% of patients are non-insulin dependent (type 2) diabetics.


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