oa Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia - Haemodynamic stability requires accurate assessment of fluid status : fluids & bleeding



Fluid overload is associated with an increase in ventilator days, ICU stay, PEEP requirements, and transfusions. In addition, it is associated with an increase in intra-abdominal pressure, even in medical patients, which, in turn, is associated with adverse outcomes in the ICU.

Resuscitation requires restoration of DO and VO.


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