oa Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia - Contrast-induced acute kidney injury : refresher course

Volume 17, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 2220-1181
  • E-ISSN: 2220-1173



The need for radiological studies using contrast media has increased. Diagnostic radiological procedures remain an essential part of patient assessment, while interventional radiology is a burgeoning field that is replacing open procedures, especially in high-risk patients. Contrastinduced acute kidney injury (CIAKI) has subsequently become the third most common reason for the development of in-hospital acute kidney injury in the USA, accounting for 12% of cases. Consequently, anaesthesiologists are more likely to encounter patients who are either at risk of developing CIAKI, or who have already acquired it.

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