Mental Health Matters - Volume 1, Issue 1, 2014
Volume 1, Issue 1, 2014
Author Zane WilsonSource: Mental Health Matters 1, pp 1 –2 (2014)More Less
The South African Depression and Anxiety Group (SADAG) is 20 years old this year and as part of our ongoing community empowerment and education around mental health issues, our counselling helpline centre, and working with medical professionals, In House Publications and SADAG are launching this new initiative - a distinctive high quality magazine for GPs that brings information and support to the country's hard-working doctors in their role as first-line caregivers and identifiers of mental health issues.
Author Zamo MbeleSource: Mental Health Matters 1 (2014)More Less
As a clinician working with individuals on a spectrum ranging from severe psychopathology and life-stage adjustment, I am often faced with the questions; 'why professionals should intervene', and 'how they should intervene'. These questions are often for the purposes of engaging in discussion and improving care. Such debates I have found, have challenged my colleagues and I to think beyond the most obvious of resolutions.
Author Janine ShamosSource: Mental Health Matters 1, pp 9 –12 (2014)More Less
"Has the capacity, but is not trying hard enough. Can do better." Many parents are distressed when they receive a note from school saying that their child won't listen to the teacher or causes trouble in class. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, commonly known as ADHD, is what comes to mind: most parents have heard of this disorder, which is often clouded with negativity and misinformation.
Author Dessy TzonevaSource: Mental Health Matters 1, pp 14 –17 (2014)More Less
With 1 in 3 South Africans that have been affected by a mental illness, primary healthcare providers deal with related issues on a daily basis, knowingly or not. While some psychological difficulties are generally more transient, like stress and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, others are chronic conditions that require lifelong treatment.
Source: Mental Health Matters 1, pp 20 –22 (2014)More Less
Author Frans A KorbSource: Mental Health Matters 1, pp 24 –26 (2014)More Less
In the United States, one in six people experience a depressive episode during their lifetime. Only 50% of the people who meet the criteria for the diagnosis seek treatment for depression. Major Depressive Disorder is one of the most common mental disorders in the United States. Although woman are 70% more likely than men to experience depression during their lifetime the recognition and treatment of depression in men remains extremely important.
Author Colinda LindeSource: Mental Health Matters 1, pp 28 –32 (2014)More Less
Panic Disorder is highly treatable and has a good prognosis for full recovery. The ideal treatment is Cognitive-Behaviour Therapy (CBT) for first or second episode especially, with possible pharmacotherapy in addition if the disorder is acute, longstanding, there is a strong family history of anxiety, or when there is significant comorbidity such as Social or Generalised Anxiety, or Major Depression.
Author Tamara ZanellaSource: Mental Health Matters 1, pp 35 –38 (2014)More Less
There is no question that South Africa is a country that is marred by crime and violence. The most recent statistics suggest an average of 45 murders per day and that 20% of people are at risk of experiencing an aggravated robbery, indicating that there is a high likelihood that many of our patients will have been exposed to a traumatic event. However, we need to remember that it is not simply violent crime that we need to look out for when thinking about trauma presentations. Patients may have experienced a sudden bereavement or a car accident and very often they will be coming to see us for a presenting problem that is seemingly unrelated to any traumatic incident.
Author David RosensteinSource: Mental Health Matters 1, pp 40 –43 (2014)More Less
Mental, neurological and substance use disorders constitute approximately 13% of the global burden of disease. This is especially evident in low to middle income countries, where that burden is often larger. With a recent move world wide to focus on the prevention of health problems rather than on management and mitigation, one important focus is on cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). Because disease burden is largely affected by psychosocial factors, which mediate the prognostic and maintenance of many chronic health conditions, CBT skills provide an important advantage in treatment, management and prevention.
Author L. TaljaardSource: Mental Health Matters 1, pp 46 –48 (2014)More Less
A mental health care user's progress through treatment is a journey, and their perceptions about it change over time. At the start of their treatment journey they are asked to take on new responsibilities for their condition, learn new and sometimes difficult tasks, and become experts in managing parts of their disorder. Later in the treatment journey, as users settle into this "new normal," such attitudes may lead to skipped doses and lapses in adherence, often taking the user back to a state where symptoms re-occur and the condition may manifest itself more seriously.