Mental Health Matters - Volume 2, Issue 1, 2015
Volume 2, Issue 1, 2015
Author Stefan G. HofmannSource: Mental Health Matters 2, pp 1 –3 (2015)More Less
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) refers to a group of empirically-based psychological techniques to treat a large variety of psychiatric problems, including depression and anxiety. CBT is one of the clear success stories of contemporary psychology. Although the core principles of CBT remain unchanged, the specific treatment strategies have changed and will continue to evolve as basic research on the nature of the disorders progresses.
Author Tasneem MahomedSource: Mental Health Matters 2, pp 7 –10 (2015)More Less
Schizophrenia is a complex brain disorder that affects the way a person thinks, feels, perceives the world, relates to others, as well as influences their behaviour. The disorder therefore impacts on cognition, emotion, perception and behaviour. The person's ability to function in various aspects of life is affected, namely, occupationally, socially and interpersonally. Schizophrenia usually presents before the age of 25 years and continues throughout life.
Author Helen ClarkSource: Mental Health Matters 2, pp 15 –18 (2015)More Less
In this article I refer to children and adolescents both as 'children' - to emphasise the importance of consideration of the child as well as the adolescent in this field. And also because the word represents those who are, to a greater or lesser degree, dependent on caregivers and caregiving systems for their existence.
Author Peter CollisSource: Mental Health Matters 2, pp 20 –22 (2015)More Less
The attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, when untreated, typically amounts to a life of chaos, both at home and at work. It's a chronic, lifelong disorder, with the early indications sometimes apparent from infancy, and extending well into the sunset years of life. It affects every waking moment of the day, every day. Not limited to that, it can also cause a disrupted pattern of sleep, with a typically delayed onset of sleep, followed by possibly a restless sleep with several awakenings, or with a shorter than average overall duration of sleep. It's really never ending.
Author Ryan FullerSource: Mental Health Matters 2, pp 25 –27 (2015)More Less
One of the most frightening prospects for many adults as they grow older is developing Alzheimer's disease, the most common form of dementia. The disease affects the brain, leading to memory loss; impaired motor skills; language; and changes in mood, with many elderly patients losing their independence as a result.
Author Lori EddySource: Mental Health Matters 2, pp 29 –31 (2015)More Less
Burnout as a construct has an interesting history. Burnout was first noticed as an emerging social problem in the 1960's long before it was conceptualised and systematically studied by academic researchers. Research on burnout started in the 1970's in America and this opened the gateway to a proliferation of further studies. We now understand the scope of burnout and the contexts in which it is likely to occur.
Author Alison BentleySource: Mental Health Matters 2, pp 33 –35 (2015)More Less
The relationship between depression and insomnia is complex - particularly for the patient. Most people suffering from poor sleep, even if only for a few nights, present with depressive-like symptoms but are generally not happy if they're told that poor sleep is merely a symptom of depression. Patients will often deny having depression even when there are clear symptoms and blame these on the lack of sleep. So is poor sleep always a symptom of depression?
Supplementary treatment for depression : top US neurobiologist gives striking evidence for exercise and meditation benefitsAuthor Lian TaljaardSource: Mental Health Matters 2, pp 36 –39 (2015)More Less
Since before Hippocrates used systematic observations to explain physiological behaviour in illness and health, scientists and philosophers alike have long discussed the intricate connection and balance between the body and the mind. And now, according to a leading neurobiologist, there is proof of this relationship.
Author Emma GliddonSource: Mental Health Matters 2, pp 41 –42 (2015)More Less
Over the past decade there has been an emergence of online interventions across a range of mental health issues, especially in mood and anxiety disorders. This reflects the growth in people accessing the Internet, with an increase from 46% in 2000 to 74% in 2009 in the United States (Fox, 2013). One of the major drawcards for people using the Internet is the availability of health information, with 7 in 10 US adults tracking health behaviours or symptoms online (Fox, 2013).
Author Bernard Janse van RensburgSource: Mental Health Matters 2, pp 47 –49 (2015)More Less
To be in a position to have to consider the admission of a relative, or other associate, to an acute psychiatric unit for assessment and treatment is, at best, very challenging. Many questions exist, for example, who can initiate such a process, what are the steps and procedures to follow and who can assist? Especially if it's an involuntary scenario and the person concerned may not want to be admitted and is actively opposing such a suggestion. These situations are often aggravated when aggressive, or threatening behaviour is displayed, or if self-inflicted harm occurs and concerns exist about the risk of suicidality.
Author Daryl BrownSource: Mental Health Matters 2, pp 50 –51 (2015)More Less
I could not admit I suffered from depression until after my suicide attempt. Depression seemed like an excuse other people made for getting attention or not being able to solve their own problems. For more than a decade I told myself I was stronger than that. I thought I would fix my own issues and "just get over it"... until eventually I attempted suicide, after it felt like I had tried every other possible solution.