Mental Health Matters - Volume 2, Issue 3, 2015
Volume 2, Issue 3, 2015
Source: Mental Health Matters 2, pp 1 –3 (2015)More Less
Depression is one of the most prevalent mental disorders in the Western World and has also been regarded as one of the most costly health problems. It is estimated that depression affects up to 340 million people worldwide and has a high prevalence in almost every society. The National Comorbidity Survey (Replication) published in 2003 found the lifetime prevalence of major depression to be 16,2% and the 12 month prevalence rate to be 6,6%. The World Health Organization further predicts that by 2020 depression will be the second largest contributor to the global health burden of all diseases.
Author Rykie LiebenbergSource: Mental Health Matters 2, pp 7 –11 (2015)More Less
It has always struck me that the first thing patients do, when they come back for a follow up consultation after starting medication, is to give me a list of side effects. Even if they're better, that is never their focus. We know that adherence is the single most important factor in determining a successful outcome to treatment. Many studies are done to determine the reason why patients stop their treatment, and we don't know all the answers, but unacceptable side effects play a big part in this.
Author Dora WynchankSource: Mental Health Matters 2, pp 13 –15 (2015)More Less
Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is what I'm immersed in every day. I am currently on sabbatical in The Hague, Netherlands where I'm working as a researcher in the Expertise Centre, Adult ADHD. It seems incredible to me that in this city, as in many other Dutch cities, there is a state clinic devoted to adults with ADHD.
Author Jan ChabalalaSource: Mental Health Matters 2, pp 17 –19 (2015)More Less
Indigenous African patients still make use of traditional healers in addition to western methods of combating all kinds of ailments. Mental health problems are no exception. It's estimated that over 60 percent of African patients will, upon discharge from hospital, visit a traditional healer to put their illness to rest. In the less sophisticated person this is done openly and is often regarded as a norm. However, the more sophisticated members or the middle class of the black community will do this in a discreet fashion. Paradoxically these patients then become (inadvertently) advertisements for the traditional healer, who will 'throw names' of famous people he/she has dealt with. Sometimes a whole revelation of the problem emanates.
Source: Mental Health Matters 2, pp 21 –23 (2015)More Less
In the past two decades, researchers from all corners of the globe have come up with amazing medications to help relieve the symptoms of depression and bipolar disorder.
Healthcare professionals stay current on the research and prescribe those medications that have the best results. Often, however, they bypass nutritional supplements and herbal remedies. And who could blame them?
Author Tamara ZanellaSource: Mental Health Matters 2, pp 25 –27 (2015)More Less
Melanie is a 33 year old attorney with a thriving legal practice. She is happily married and the mother of two boys. For a long time she has been feeling tired and struggling to concentrate. She has suffered from muscle and joint pain and has also lost interest in any sexual relationship with her husband. She hasn't been concerned about these symptoms and simply attributed them to being busy at work and looking after two young children. However, recently Melanie has had severe pain in the mid-to lower portion of her back and her husband suggested she book an appointment with their GP. After another week of trying to manage the pain with over-the-counter medications, she finally made the appointment. She saw her GP and was told that she is suffering from stage 3 Kidney Disease. She is in shock and initially denies it and tells the doctor she must be mistaken. Melanie asks for the tests to be repeated. Her doctor concedes but assures Melanie the results are accurate. She is numb with shock and leaves the GP's office without even asking a single question about her diagnosis or what it will mean for her future.
Author Lisa SelwoodSource: Mental Health Matters 2, pp 29 –31 (2015)More Less
Schizophrenia is a chronic illness, with symptoms divided into four domains, comprising of positive symptoms (hallucinations, delusions), negative symptoms(decrease in emotional range, poverty of speech and loss of interests), cognitive symptoms (deficits in working memory and attention, ability to organize and difficulties with interpersonal relationships) and mood symptoms (often depressive elements).
It occurs in approximately 1% of the population, with an equal distribution ratio between men and women. For males the peak age of onset is in the early to mid twenties, and for females it usually presents for the first time in the late twenties. No racial differences have been identified.
Author K. NasiorowskaSource: Mental Health Matters 2, pp 33 –36 (2015)More Less
From the day Johnny was born he seemed different from other children. At an age when most babies enjoy interacting with people and exploring their environment he would sit quietly in his crib not reacting to his rattles and other toys. When he started to walk, he did so on his tiptoes. At 30 months, he still had not started talking and would grab things or scream to get whatever he wanted. He would also spend hours staring at the toy car in his hand. At age 4 Johnny was diagnosed with autism by a child psychologist.
Author Diane MallabySource: Mental Health Matters 2, pp 39 –41 (2015)More Less
Anxiety is one of the many normal human emotions that can play a helpful and motivating role in our lives. It's what gets us out of bed in the mornings, and motivates us to work hard and produce our best. Having the 'right amount of anxiety' to maximise our potential is what we need to live our everyday lives. Unfortunately though, there are those who experience an excessive amount of anxiety that debilitates them and impairs their ability to function. For those having never experienced excessive anxiety, it may be difficult to fully comprehend how disabling this can be.
Author Craig TraubSource: Mental Health Matters 2, pp 43 –45 (2015)More Less
The following is not meant to invoke fear (though it may), but rather, to inform as to a trend starting in early adolescence that has existed in the dark for decades. There are unlimited ways a person can inflict harm on themself, including anorexia, bulimia and so on. Another form of self-harm known as cutting is discussed here,falling within the realm of selfmutilation. Burning oneself is also included as another form of selfmutilation.
Author Karen RobinsonSource: Mental Health Matters 2, pp 47 –49 (2015)More Less
The word epilepsy their doctors comes from a Greek word "epilambanein", meaning to be seized or to be overwhelmed by surprise. Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological conditions, affecting at least 50 million people worldwide. It knows no geographical, racial or social boundaries. Epilepsy consists of more than seizures for the affected individual and effects on his or her family. Epilepsy leads to multiple interacting medical, psychological, economic and social repercussions, all of which needs to be considered (The Atlas: Epilepsy Care in the World: 2009)