Mental Health Matters - Volume 3, Issue 1, 2016
Volume 3, Issue 1, 2016
Source: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 3 –7 (2016)More Less
Recently a powerful research document has been made public which assesses the extent to which the National Mental Health Policy Framework 2013- 2020 is not yet being implemented. The research conducted by Shannon Morgan from The Jabulani Foundation in the Eastern Cape and Kate Sherry of Rural Rehab, indicates that despite the new plan,indication that the score for the provinces that have done so is zero.
Source: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 11 –13 (2016)More Less
Depression is the psychiatric condition most frequently identified in people with epilepsy. Nevertheless, it is very unrecognised and untreated. It should be considered a serious problem because of its significant negative impact on the patient's quality of life and increased potential for self-injury or suicide.
Author Frans A. KorbSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 15 –18 (2016)More Less
What is bipolar disorder?
Bipolar disorder is a common, severe, and persistent mental illness that affects about 1% of the population. For patients suffering with bipolar it usually implies a lifelong struggle and challenge. For this reason it is essential to make the correct diagnosis of the disorder as this leads to proper and effective treatment. Bipolar disorder used to be called 'manic-depressive illness' in old terms, but with the evolution and gaining new insight into the illness the disease was changed to 'Bipolar Disorder'. Essentially the term describes extreme mood swings which can range from severe, prolonged depression on the one pole to an excessively elevated or irritable mood (mania) on the other. Most people experience both highs and lows to various degrees and various patterns over time with usually normal periods of mood in between. Other variations include a 'mixed' picture where both highs and lows are experienced at the same time.
Author Peter CollisSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 21 –23 (2016)More Less
The incidence of the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, as established by surveys, has expanded from approximately 3% at the time I entered private practice in 1973, to recent survey results pointing to up to 11%-15%, of the childhood population, depending upon the location of the survey. The disorder was initially considered a childhood disorder which resolved itself in early adolescence. It has become increasingly apparent that it could in fact be a chronic disorder. Certainly this has been my experience, where I have seen persons for an initial assessment of this disorder when they had reached their seventies. What is apparent is that the severity of this condition ameliorates with time.
Author Rykie LiebenbergSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 25 –29 (2016)More Less
Sexual behaviour is diverse and determined by a complex interaction of factors. It is affected by one's relationship to others, by life circumstances, and by the culture in which one lives. An individual's sexuality is enmeshed with other personality traits, with his or her biological make up, and with a general sense of self. It includes the perception of being a man or woman and reflects developmental experiences throughout the life cycle. Sexuality encompasses all those thoughts, feelings, and behaviours connected with sexual gratification and reproduction, including the attraction of one person to another.
Author Melanie HartgillSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 31 –34 (2016)More Less
For many years, professionals have debated over an acceptable definition for learning disabilities, one that is narrow enough to be useful but broad enough to cover all the different characteristics of a learning disability. A useful, if broad definition is, an individual of at least average intelligence who appears capable of school success but has unexpected and unexplained difficulties in acquiring academic success. There also tends to be an uneven growth pattern; this refers to uneven development of the different elements of mental ability, therefore while some of the components are maturing in the expected sequence, others are delayed. An individual is not considered to have a learning disability if they have impaired vision, emotional difficulties, hearing loss, impacting environmental factors, a physical disability, low intelligence or brain damage. There are a number of different disorders that affect a child's ability to acquire, retain, understand, organise and use verbal and non-verbal information, many of which would be classified as a learning disability.
Author Michael WestSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 37 –40 (2016)More Less
Isaac Asimov, American author and professor of biochemistry, predicted over 50 years ago that forthcoming generations would live in a world of unbelievable innovations such as instant coffee, self-driving cars and self-directing robots to clean their homes. Indeed, some of our recent advances would have been inconceivable even to Asimov - for example robotic prostheses, cloning of household pets and instantaneous quantum teleportation of particles over 20km distances.
Author Belinda MaraisSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 42 –45 (2016)More Less
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a brain stimulation technique used to treat certain psychiatric disorders. It involves the application of an electrical stimulus to the scalp, so as to cause a generalised seizure and thereby produce a therapeutic effect. The intentional induction of seizures to treat mental illness dates as far back as the 1500's, with introduction of electrical current for this purpose starting in the 1930's. By the 1940's the use of anaesthesia and muscle relaxants as part of ECT began. Psychopharmacological agents were only discovered later (Lithium - 1940's, tricyclic antidepressants and the first antipsychotics - 1950's, and selective serotonin reup take inhibitor antidepressants -1980's), making ECT one of the oldest treatments for mental illness.
Author Lisa SelwoodSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 47 –49 (2016)More Less
Personality can be described as 'the totalities of qualities and traits, as of character or behaviour, specific to a specific person'. The term personality disorder (PD) refers to a diagnostic category, and is characterised by chronic, inflexible and maladaptive patterns of behaviour, or as experiences and behaviours that differ from societal norms and expectations. Personality disorders can affect every aspect of the individual's life, as well as those around them, but the most noticeable is the negative effects which may occur in terms of relationships with others.
Author Charlene SunkelSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 51 –52 (2016)More Less
In the early 1990's the word "schizophrenia" was not something one ever heard of - the first time I heard the word, it sounded like an irreversible curse. The psychiatrist never explained to me what schizophrenia exactly meant, even when asking he avoided the question - I felt that he underestimated my intelligence to grasp the information. Neither was my treatment plan explained to me nor my opinion requested in that regard. Unfortunately "Google" wasn't around in those days, so I had to make use of the library to read up on schizophrenia - even the books of that time predicted little hope of living a fulfilling life with a diagnosis.