Mental Health Matters - Volume 3, Issue 2, 2016
Volume 3, Issue 2, 2016
Prescribed minimum benefits and bipolar disorder (unipolar vs bipolar depression debate) : editorialAuthor Mvuyiso TalatalaSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 5 –7 (2016)More Less
The South African Society of Psychiatrists (SASOP) has noted with concern the comments by the Minister of Health, Dr Aaron Motsoaledi, to the media on the increasing prevalence of Bipolar Disorder. He alleges that there is an over diagnosis of Bipolar Disorder by psychiatrists. He has implied that psychiatrists fraudulently diagnose patients with Major Depressive Disorder as suffering from Bipolar Disorder in order to access funding from the medical schemes. This allegation assumes that Bipolar Disorder is classified by the Medical Schemes Act 131 of 1998 as a Prescribed Minimum Benefit (PMB) condition and Major Depressive Disorder as not.
Author Anastacia TomsonSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 8 –10 (2016)More Less
It's not an easy thing to say. Not to friends, not to family, and definitely not to a doctor. It might be hard to understand if you've never had to do it, but let me try to explain. The moment before you utter that word - "transgender" - you feel every muscle in your body start to stiffen with anticipation. Your heart starts to pound inside your chest. It races. You even feel it in your throat. Your mouth dries up and your tongue tries to cling to the roof of your mouth, in a desperate attempt to escape having to say those terrifying words.
Source: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 12 –14 (2016)More Less
Author Clare ManicomSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 18 –20 (2016)More Less
It's apparent that simply being diagnosed with an illness as serious as a cancer is enough to put anyone into a state of anxiety, uncertainty, distress and quite possibly depression. There are still people who don't say the word "cancer" aloud, and it's a diagnosis that brings with it an unfortunate shadow of fear, gloom, stigma, shame and sometimes blame and ignorance.
Author Madre FraenkelSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 22 –24 (2016)More Less
"Dementia isn't always easy to diagnose accurately," she says. "But there are ways to make the consultation process easier for you, and your patient, before he or she even arrives at your medical suite." Madré continues. "If you're aware your patient may have dementia, encourage them to attend the appointment with their main care provider. Given that symptoms vary from person to person, it's important to bear the patient's individual context in mind - and a family member can help achieve just that. Understanding your patient's circumstances will form a big part of your decision-making and advice," she explains.
Source: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 27 –28 (2016)More Less
Schizoaffective Disorder is a condition in which a person experiences a combination of schizophrenia symptoms - such as hallucinations or delusions - and mood disorder symptoms, such as mania or depression. Individuals who have schizoaffective disorder may often be wrongly diagnosed as having either schizophrenia or bipolar mood disorder because of the overlapping symptoms. One of the criteria's for diagnosing schizoaffective disorder, is that a major mood episode (either mania or major depression) must be present for the majority of the illness. If these mood episodes are only temporary in relation to the other symptoms, then it is more likely that the individual has schizophrenia.
Author Ingrid WilliamsonSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 30 –32 (2016)More Less
Menopause is the permanent cessation of menstruation resulting in the loss of ovarian follicle development. It's considered to occur when 12 menstrual cycles are missed. Perimenopause or menstrual transition is the period between the onset of irregular menstrual cycles and the last menstrual period. These symptoms may emerge 4 years before the menses cease with a perimenopausal mean age of onset of 47,5 years. Post menopause is the phase following the absence of 12 menstruations.
Author Gaveeta ChibaSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 38 –40 (2016)More Less
We spend a third of our lives sleeping. Some people feel sleep is a waste of time, preferring to stay awake and get more work doe, often proudly proclaiming hoe few hours they need to sleep. New date published by sleep tracking app, sleep cycle, shows South Africans sleep fewer hours than any other nation in the world. Our average wake-up time is the earliest out of all countries where sleep cycle is used - while our bedtime is also in the latest top 20. On average, South Africans sleep just over six hours a night.
Author Lian TaljaardSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 42 –44 (2016)More Less
Why neuroscience? For many years, scientists were happily working in their own specialist areas, developing approaches to studying the brain. In the last two decades there's been an unprecedented movement to break down these walls, work together and learn from each other. This has culminated into the field of neuroscience, and the reason this area is important is because it's helping us understand the connection between our human experience and biology (i.e. the mind-body connection). According to Professor Matthew Wood at Oxford University, Honorary Professor at University of Cape Town and co-director of the Oxford Centre for Neuromuscular Science, "Neuroscience is the new frontier of medical research, and excited for this initiative to integrate findings from the laboratory, clinic and community so that clinicians and researchers can collaborate to offer a rapid translation of contemporary treatment options."
Author Wendela LeisewitzSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 48 –51 (2016)More Less
One just need to google "divorce statistics" to get an idea of the wide spread occurrence of separation and divorce. The 2012/2013 annual report of the department of Justice reported there was a 28% increase in new divorce matters. Hence, it seems as though everyone knows someone who has gone through a divorce or separation in which children are involved. The potentially devastating and far reaching consequences of this phenomena are also well documented: be they economic and or emotional/mental. Parties who wish to separate/divorce are faced with numerous and often overwhelming decisions, these decisions become even more complicated when there are children to consider.
Author Darrell KempSource: Mental Health Matters 3, pp 55 –56 (2016)More Less
For decades I could not understand why I felt so angry and frustrated even when things were going my way. I never excelled at school except when I was either threatened with punishment or when I enjoyed a subject, then I always did very well but soon became bored and lost focus. I could never complete tasks or projects, whether it was for school, work or pleasure. When a task became onerous I would procrastinate continuously. All this stems from me not knowing that I had ADHD, this resulted in years of constantly changing jobs, looking for new opportunities and ventures, taking risks that most people would not normally do. I have worked for myself for most of my life and I have had moderate success, but then again I have made some spectacular mistakes. After years of strife, compliments of ADHD, I ended up with depression and this "symptom" resulted in me staring to look for answers.