n Journal of Minimum Intervention in Dentistry - Dental chewing gum and caries - a systematic review [poster] : grey literature




[This document has been captured as part of the JMID-section for Grey-literature. Grey (or gray) literature refers to informally published written material that may be difficult to trace via conventional databases and/or journals as it is not formally published or is not widely accessible. However, Grey literature may still be an important source of information. Examples of grey literature include e.g: patents, reports, working documents or unpublished manuscripts]

There is good evidence that supports the use of sugarless dental chewing gum, containing Xylitol and/or Sorbitol, for caries reduction, particularly on the occlusal tooth surface. Gum chewing varied between 2-7x daily after meals for 5-20 min. There seemed to be no difference between Xylitol-, Sorbitol and Xylitol/Sorbitol Chewing Gum. Two trials showed no significant anti-caries effect as compared to the control. However, one trial (in situ) used an intensive chewing regimen of 5x daily for 20 min (for both dental- and sugar gums) thus increasing saliva flow in both groups. The other trial confirmed no cariogenic effect of Sorbitol gum as compared to no gum chewing. Based on the evidence found it can be concluded that dental chewing gum has a caries reducing effect.


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