n Journal of Minimum Intervention in Dentistry - Caries-preventive effect of high-viscosity glass ionomer and resin-based fissure sealants on permanent teeth : a systematic review of clinical trials [protocol]
|Article Title||Caries-preventive effect of high-viscosity glass ionomer and resin-based fissure sealants on permanent teeth : a systematic review of clinical trials [protocol]|
|© Publisher:||Midentistry CC|
|Journal||Journal of Minimum Intervention in Dentistry|
|Affiliations||1 University of the Witwatersrand and 2 University of the Witwatersrand|
|Publication Date||Jan 2015|
|Pages||1 - 12|
|Keyword(s)||Fissure sealants, High-viscosity glass-ionomers, Protocol, Resin and Systematic review|
The evidence for the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of sealants in reducing occlusal caries in molar teeth has been highlighted in a number of articles in highly rated journals. The most commonly used sealant material is resin composite. Its caries-preventive effect relies on the sealing of pits and fissures through micro-retention, created through tags after enamel acid etching. However, these are easily destroyed by saliva contamination, which reduces micro-retention and consequently, the caries-preventive effect. Under the generally wet conditions in the oral cavity, Glass Ionomer Cement (GIC) offers an alternative. Owing to its hydrophilic properties, GIC is not as moisture-sensitive as hydrophobic resin. The objective of this quantitative systematic review is to assess the caries occurrence on pits and fissures previously sealed with either high-viscosity glass-ionomer based or resin-based fissure sealants, in fully erupted permanent teeth, with follow-up periods from 24 months. The protocol of this systematic review has been registered with the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO / Nr.: CRD42015016007).
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