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- Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies
- OA African Journal Archive
- Volume 32, Issue 1, 2004
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies - Volume 32, Issue 1, 2004
Volume 32, Issue 1, 2004
Author Hennie SmitSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 32, pp 32 –50 (2004)More Less
Maps provide a base for all intelligence operations and strategic and tactical decisions, supporting the planning and execution of all battlefield functions. The development of military mapping support in South Africa, related closely to the development of aerial photography, may be divided into five, sometimes overlapping, phases. The first of these phases spans the years from 1840 to 1930 and is characterised by the gradual recognition that aerial photographs could be used for mapping. Two major conflicts - the Anglo Boer War and the First World War - marked this development. The Second World War is the key event of the second phase (1930-1950), which witnessed a rapid expansion of aerial photo coverage. The third phase (1945-1960) saw the overemphasising of interpretation techniques rather than the analytical use of results, which was rectified during the fourth phase (1955-1962) when the focus shifted to the applied uses of air-photo interpretation. During the third and fourth phases the topographic mapping support ability of the South African military was expanded. The fifth phase (since 1960) commenced with the expansion of data gathering and analysis into portions of the electromagnetic spectrum beyond the small visible sector. During this period the protracted nature of the conflict on the northern border of Namibia (formerly South West Africa) and the war in Angola focused attention on the South African military mapping system. The National Service system allowed for the expansion of mapping units and the thorough mapping of large areas adjoining our borders. Through all five phases, mapping in the South African military has advanced from hand- produced maps to the utilisation of complex equipment that satisfies the sophisticated mapping needs of a modern defence force. This paper presents a brief history of both mapping support and the mapping units that have served within the South African theatre during the twentieth century. In doing so, the operational importance of topographic maps is also highlighted.
Author Cornelia ConeSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 32, pp 51 –75 (2004)More Less
This paper will unpack the nature of the state in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (D.R.C.) and explore the links between conflict and the state. The aim of this paper is to ultimately provide an answer to the question: 'Is there a link between the nature of the state in the D.R.C. and the conflict in this country?' and 'If so, what is the link?' The theoretical tenets of the argument will be encapsulated in a discussion that will juxtapose 'strong states' with African states. The nature of the state in the D.R.C., as an African state, will subsequently be explored. Lastly, links will be established between the nature of the state and conflict with particular reference to the situation in the D.R.C.
Author Simon MasseySource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 32, pp 76 –95 (2004)More Less
Author Thomas JorgensonSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 32, pp 96 –119 (2004)More Less
The United Nations (UN) was founded to 'to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war'. However, the post-independence history of sub-Saharan Africa has demonstrated that the international community, or lack of an international society, has so far been unable to protect the African continent from this 'scourge', or indeed from itself.
Author Richard GueliSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 32, pp 120 –142 (2004)More Less
Article 2 of the Charter of the United Nations (UN) implicitly recognises the validity of the concept of non-intervention, when it articulates ?nothing contained in the present Charter shall authorise the [UN] to intervene in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any state'. This principle has been designed to reassure member states of the UN that their sovereign rights are respected, and that they should never become targets of intervention. If this is indeed the case, why then bother with the notion of intervention?
Author James J. HentzSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 32, pp 143 –156 (2004)More Less
State collapse is one of the most important security threats in Sub-Sahara Africa. The George W. Bush administration's National Security Strategy includes failed and failing states as a national security priority. The U.S. European Command, whose area of responsibility includes much of Sub-Sahara Africa, are ""concerned about ungoverned areas descending into chaos with terrorist and warlords....""
Governing Insecurity : Democratic Control of Military and Security Establishments in Transitional Democracies, Cavin Cawthra and Robin Luckman (eds.) : book reviewAuthor Theo NeethlingSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 32, pp 157 –160 (2004)More Less