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- Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies
- OA African Journal Archive
- Volume 32, Issue 2, 2004
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies - Volume 32, Issue 2, 2004
Volumes & issues
Volume 32, Issue 2, 2004
Author Fankie MonamaSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 32 (2004)More Less
From Warfare to Welfare - human security in a Southern African context, Marie Muller and Bas de Gaay Fortman (eds.) : book reviewAuthor Inus Du PlessisSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 32 (2004)More Less
It is encouraging to find a valuable contribution to the understanding of the complexities of human security and how it can be integrated with development programmes. This edited book of 118 pages contains an introduction by Marie Muller, one of the editors, and eight chapters with no glossary or index. Each chapter ends with a list of references.
Author Ronald G. HaycockSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 32, pp 43 –67 (2004)More Less
Author Deon VisserSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 32, pp 61 –88 (2004)More Less
The national threat perception of a nation is an important guideline for the education of its officers, since it defines or anticipates the general military and socio-political milieu in which those officers must be prepared to operate. This paper traces the evolution of the threat perception of the South African Department of Defence since 1950 and the response of the South African Military Academy in terms of its educational programmes. It highlights the attitude of Defence Headquarters towards the Military Academy as a military-academic institution and the historical position of the Academy in the course of officer development. The paper also investigates the number and demographic profile of students routed through the Military Academy, which is central to these issues. Today, in the wake of the termination of the so-called Bush War on her borders and the liberation struggle within her frontiers, there is no clear, direct military threat against South Africa. In the absence of such a threat, the secondary functions of the SANDF, particularly regional peacekeeping and peace support operations, seem to occupy the centre stage. The paper therefore concludes with a perspective on the relevance of the Military Academy's current academic offerings to the preparation of SANDF officers for their perceived role scenario in the twenty-first century.
Paradigm shifts, South African defence policy and the South African National Defence Force : from here to where?Author Francois VreySource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 32, pp 89 –118 (2004)More Less
Elements of Kuhn's theory on scientific revolutions and its applicability to the political domain also promote explanations of military change. In this regard, changes in the South African defence realm during the past decade and the rise of the South African National Defence Force need not be viewed as inexplicable. These developments represent an opportunity to explain a prominent example of military change in Africa through an established theory. By making use of indicators drawn from the theory developed by Kuhn, an explanatory framework can be established to co-explain certain adjustments of the South African defence paradigm over the past 10 years. Of particular relevance is Kuhn's view of an initial dominant shift, which continues to evolve with the assistance of subsequent incremental shifts. The South African paradigm that guided the pre-1994 Total Strategy defence outlook was later opposed and ousted by one that was more explanatory and embracing of the democratic features permeating and envisaged for South African society. This democratic imperative drove the dominant shift in the South African defence paradigm during the middle 1990s as it dramatically and extensively began to adjust the policy environment regarding the role and utilisation of the South African National Defence Force (SANDF). In explaining his theory, Kuhn avers that a range of smaller adjustments towards maturing the initial shift soon follows the earlier dramatic shift. Upon investigation of this secondary field of smaller changes, more incremental adjustments also become visible when analysing the South African case. In this regard, the Defence Review (1998), the Military Strategy (2001), the primary-secondary role debate emanating from the 1996 Defence White Paper, and the 2004 Defence Budget Vote represent prominent indicators of the ongoing maturation process. The theory of Kuhn on scientific revolutions furthermore holds that new paradigms also stand to be contested by rising challenges to its status. In the case of the South African defence realm and the SANDF in particular, advanced regional integration and the perceived decline of the role of the state, could once again challenge the post-1994 defence paradigm with its concomitant explanation and direction of South African thought on the preparation and deployment of the SANDF.
Author Thean PotgieterSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 32, pp 119 –145 (2004)More Less
Though the history of the South African Navy (SAN) only dates back to 1922, for most of its history it depended on Britain for warships. The British Royal Navy on the other hand had an unbroken involvement with maritime defence along the South African Coast and the protection of the Cape Sea Route from 1806 to 1975 (when the Simon's Town Agreement was cancelled).