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- Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies
- OA African Journal Archive
- Volume 33, Issue 1, 2005
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies - Volume 33, Issue 1, 2005
Volumes & issues
Volume 33, Issue 1, 2005
Author Umangh HarkhuSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 33, pp 47 –71 (2005)More Less
Present-day Iraq occupies the area that was once the heartland of the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia. Despite the millennia that separate Mesopotamia and the Iraq of Saddam Hussein, several aspects of the deposed Iraqi leader's ideology (including his concept of warfare) seem to bear a remarkable resemblance to the ideology of the kings of ancient Mesopotamia. This article explores this resemblance and shows that while Saddam Hussein and the Mesopotamian kings had much in common, there were several differences as well. Furthermore, the many empires that followed Mesopotamia also left their mark on modern Iraq. History may have, to an extent, repeated itself in that Saddam Hussein perpetuated many of the traditions associated with the kings of Mesopotamia, but his ideology reflected his specific conditions - conditions different to those that existed in the Mesopotamian era.
Author Joelien PretoriusSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 33, pp 72 –88 (2005)More Less
American plans for Missile Defence (MD) and the weaponisation of space should be analysed in the larger framework of the contemporary Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA). Soviet military analysts have written about this revolution from as early as the 1970s, but it was the application of information age technology (IT) in the 1991 Gulf War that captured the imagination of military planners and policy makers, especially in the US. The US is actively pursuing an RMA, conceptualised as integrating new IT into weapons systems and integrated command, control, computers, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (C4ISR) and, in turn, doctrinal, operational and organisational change in the military to take advantage of information dominance on the battlefield. This relates to MD and the weaponisation of space in two ways. Firstly, very few countries have the financial and technological capability to modernise their defence forces along the lines of a US-defined RMA, which means that they may resort to so-called asymmetric means to exploit the vulnerabilities or weaknesses of a strong, conventional power. Ballistic missiles (in association with chemical, biological or nuclear payloads) are one of the asymmetrical threats most commonly cited in speeches and military documents of the US and used as justification of MD. Secondly, the RMA increases the US military's reliance on space-based military assets for C4ISR. Placing weapons in space to protect these assets is seen as a logical step to ensure a key aspect of US dominance on the battlefield. This paper explores the extent to which the strategic framework of the RMA has a bearing on US MD and space weaponisation arguments.
Not a miracle after all... Côte d'Ivoire's downfall : flawed civil-military relations and missed opportunitiesAuthor Boubacar N'DiayeSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 33, pp 89 –118 (2005)More Less
Long touted as an island of political stability and (relative) economic prosperity in West Africa, since December 24, 1999, Côte d'Ivoire has joined the more common category in the sub-region: praetorian states mired in political uncertainty and unending turbulence. Indeed, on September 19, 2002, it came very close to collapsing altogether, a fate very few would dare to predict only a few weeks earlier.
Author Ariane NeethlingSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 33, pp 119 –140 (2005)More Less
Civil-military relations theory suggests that a functional and effective military requires a unique culture, separate from its parent society. This is based on the assumption that a ""gap"" between the military and society is inevitable as the military's function, the lawful application of military force in accordance with government direction, is fundamentally different from civilian business.
Sociology, biology or philosophy of a warrior? Reflections on Jan Smuts, guerrilla-being and a politics of choicesAuthor Ian LiebenbergSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 33, pp 141 –170 (2005)More Less