- A-Z Publications
- Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies
- OA African Journal Archive
- Volume 34, Issue 2, 2006
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies - Volume 34, Issue 2, 2006
Volume 34, Issue 2, 2006
Security co-operation in the Southern African Development Community : insights from the new institutionalismAuthor Anthoni Van NieuwkerkSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 34, pp 1 –20 (2006)More Less
This article focuses on the institutional dimensions of security cooperation as it manifests in the Southern African Development Community (SADC). As the quotations above suggest, security co-operation, as part of a bigger project of regional integration, is not obvious. Indeed, should southern Africans believe their politicians when the latter claim that SADC is 'forging ahead' on the road to formal integration? Slabbert is not convinced. Not only academics, but civil society increasingly question its raison d' etre.
Author Abel EsterhuyseSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 34, pp 21 –43 (2006)More Less
This article explores the role of education in professionalising the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) since 1994. The central thesis is that military education, training and development played a major role in bringing the pre-1994 belligerent forces in South Africa together and blending them into a single, coherent, bureaucratised defence force. There is, however, reason for serious concern. The article first outlines the specific need for education in the SANDF since 1994. The second part provides an overview of the educational institutions in the SANDF, their programmes and the nature of education, training and development that are provided. The final section discusses the most salient factors that have influenced education in the SANDF over the last decade. Specific emphasis is placed on the lack of suitably qualified academic staff, the difficulty of educating soldiers in a second or third language, the lack of research and the presence of an institutional climate of anti-intellectualism.
Author Nyameka MankayiSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 34, pp 44 –64 (2006)More Less
Given that a masculinised institution like the military presents an exaggerated picture of hegemonic masculinities, and particularly emphasising physical fitness as one of the multiple ways in achieving masculinity, this paper provides an overview of how men in the military construct women's role in the military. This information is useful in understanding the gender power relations that make it difficult for most women in the military. The paper is based on a qualitative study of a diverse group of 24-33 year old male soldiers. Participants' stories reflected how notions of the strong body, particularly in the military context, which values toughness, contributes to masculinity. They further see women's expression of sexuality and their participation in command or combat roles as having dire consequences in terms of corrupting or weakening military deployment. This paper concludes that tackling traditional forms of male sexuality as they get played out in the military context involves the examination of dominant constructions of masculinity, and in particular discourses prescribing traditional sexual practices.
Author Rodney C. WarwickSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 34, pp 65 –92 (2006)More Less
Commemorative statues, plaques and monuments from decades past remain widespread across both the urban and rural South Africa landscape. Included amongst these is the stone likeness of General Tim Lukin in Cape Town: just one of such structures intended to encapsulate the emotions and memories of those who commissioned it. The South African involvement at Delville Wood ninety years ago would still resonate with some of the country's population; those who at some stage have delved into reading up on the history of our participation in the First World War. However mention of the Battle of Sandfontein during the Union invasion of German South West Africa in 1914 to the same reasonably historically literate grouping, would from the larger proportion of them, most probably elicit an admittance of ignorance. Only the well-read enthusiast of South African military history would be aware of Lukin's roles at both Delville Wood and Sandfontein, let alone how the latter engagement constituted one of the bleakest moments in the General?s career.
Author Theo NeethlingSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 34, pp 93 –111 (2006)More Less
The most violent and devastating conflicts on the African continent have notably been intra-state in nature: conflicts with considerable peacekeeping consequences for regional and international organisations. To this end, it is commonly accepted that there is a pressing need for African and other role-players to register progress on the need to address, manage and resolve the conflicts on the continent.
The Ethics of War : Classic and Contemporary Readings, Gregory M. Reichberg, Hendrik Syse and Endre Begby (eds.) : book reviewAuthor Francois VreySource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 34, pp 112 –116 (2006)More Less
In no uncertain way have the 9/11 attacks and the subsequent attacks in Madrid and London, the War on Terror depicted by Afghanistan and the 2003 invasion of Iraq, the subsequent insurgency in Iraq, and the 2006 war in the Middle East moved matters of ethics and justice in war back to centre stage. How justifiable are the actions by the USA, Israel, Hezbollah and al Qaeda to go to war? If justified, how ethical are their actions in the execution of their version of warfare against their opponents? Subjective and nationalistic or ideological opinions even further complicate matters. In addition, the interstate profile of war collapsed into an intrastate phenomenon with a humanitarian crisis profile where the suffering of innocent victims, rather than soldiers, personifies the violence and destruction. If ever the boundaries of war needed to be reinstated and the conduct of war redirected by justice and ethics, the early 21st century presents a case in point.