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- Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies
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- Volume 35, Issue 2, 2007
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies - Volume 35, Issue 2, 2007
Volumes & issues
Volume 35, Issue 2, 2007
Author Adam B. LowtherSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 35, pp 1 –20 (2007)More Less
When the Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) was released in February of 2006, the United States was in the middle of a multi-front Global War on Terror (GWOT) that had been underway for more than four years. Beginning with the initial response to the 9/11 attacks in October of 2001, the US Navy began to play a significant part in the unconventional operations that characterised the early days of OPERATION ENDURING FREEDOM. While the Navy carried out its mission admirably supporting Special Operations Forces (SOF) by providing the USS Kitty Hawk (CV 63) as a ""lily pad"", which enabled Rangers, Delta operators, Green Berets, and SEALs to move in and out of Afghanistan from a maritime staging area, it was a role well outside the norm of American naval operations and one the Navy is yet to fully embrace.
Author Deborah RobertsSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 35, pp 21 –38 (2007)More Less
As the nature of armed conflict continues to change, so the living ethical tradition that is just war theory has to adapt to meet new challenges. This paper offers a proposal for extending just war theory by incorporating into its framework a human capabilities-based ethic drawn from the work of Martha Nussbaum. This new approach is analysed in the light of two important recent challenges to just war theory : David Rodin's critique of the principle of national defence, and the emerging doctrine of humanitarian intervention. While the results of this analysis can only be considered to be preliminary, the authors argue that indications are that supplementing just war theory with Nussbaum's human capabilities-based ethic, or something similar, could yield significant benefits for the ethical analysis of contemporary armed conflicts.
Author Albert GrundlinghSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 35, pp 39 –67 (2007)More Less
Vice Admiral of the Blue the Honourable Sir George Keith Elphinstone (1746-1823) was appointed as commander of the British force dispatched to capture the Cape of Good Hope in 1795. As an experienced naval officer and a capable commander acquainted with the Cape and the Far East, he was the correct choice to command the expedition. Due to the strategic location of the Cape of Good Hope - literally halfway on the sea route to the East - it was vital for maritime communications, and Britain had to ensure that the Cape did not fall into French hands. To secure a safe base on the sea route to the East, a British expeditionary force was sent to the Cape. The British task force arrived in False Bay on 11 June 1795 and when negotiations with the Dutch authorities at the Cape failed, a military campaign commenced that resulted in the capitulation of the Cape on 16 September 1795. In August 1796, when a Dutch squadron under the command of Rear Admiral E. Lucas anchored in Saldanha Bay, Elphinstone speedily neutralised the threat, forcing Lucas to surrender. After a very successful service period at the Cape, Elphinstone returned to Britain on 7 October 1796. He conducted the defence of the Cape with vigour and actively sought out his enemy, confirming British control of the Cape and the virtual impossibility of taking back the Cape with force of arms.
The challenges, roles and functions of civil military coordination officers in peace support operations : a theoretical discussionAuthor Gielie Van DykSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 35, pp 68 –94 (2007)More Less
The introduction of a multidimensional approach towards peace missions in complex emergencies emphasises the importance of coordination between the military and the humanitarian components at all levels of interaction. Cooperation and coordination between the military and humanitarian components are critical to achieve a common goal to alleviate suffering and to save lives. The challenge is how to develop, enhance and sustain an effective working relationship to overcome the conflicting views on coordination from the military and humanitarian perspectives. Humanitarians fear the loss of independence and neutrality when associated with the military when the military component becomes directly involved in humanitarian action. During selection, the military needs to identify members who firstly conform to the generic psychological peacekeeping profile and secondly portray the skills, knowledge and abilities to perform the coordination function between the military and the humanitarian component. The challenge remains to select competent military members in the absence of a psychological profile for the coordination function. This article paves the way for research on the psychological profile for a civil military coordination officer (CIMIC officer), highlighting the importance of coordination through analysing the environment, challenges and perspectives in defining the roles and functions of CIMIC officers in complex emergencies.
Author Paul S. ThompsonSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 35, pp 95 –127 (2007)More Less
The Zulu Rebellion of 1906 was the violent response to the imposition of a poll tax of 1 on all adult males (with exempted categories) by the government of the British South African colony of Natal on the part of a section of the indigenous, Zulu-speaking people. The rebellion was in the nature of ""secondary resistance"" to European colonization, and the poll tax was only the immediate cause of it. Not all the African people (who made up 82% of the colony's population) participated in the rebellion; only a few did, but there was the potential for a mass uprising, which inspired great fear among the European settlers (who made up just 8,3% of the population) and prompted the colony's responsible government to take quick and vigorous action to crush the rebellion before it could spread.