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- Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies
- OA African Journal Archive
- Volume 36, Issue 1, 2008
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies - Volume 36, Issue 1, 2008
Volumes & issues
Volume 36, Issue 1, 2008
Author Mike HoughSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 36, pp 1 –13 (2008)More Less
In this article, a broad overview of the main causes and theories of revolution is presented. The objective is to obtain, by analysing recent events in South Africa pertaining to the ongoing protest actions over service delivery at local government level, some indication of revolutionary potential in South Africa. In this regard, there seem to be two basic views, namely on the one hand, that violent protest action at local level can lead to revolutionary activity, and on the other hand, that the protest can be contained but aspects of policy will have to be adapted.
Author Marcel De HaasSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 36, pp 14 –30 (2008)More Less
This article focuses on the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), sometimes rather prematurely referred to as 'The NATO of the East'. In concentrating on its security-related aspects, this work will analyse the SCO's development towards a full-grown security organisation i.e., on its way to an alliance with a span of activities and a depth of cooperation similar to that of NATO. However, in doing so the focus remains on the SCO, not on a comparison with the Western alliance.
Author Theo NeethlingSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 36, pp 31 –51 (2008)More Less
In the post-Cold War period, Africa did not constitute a top strategic priority for the U.S. A 1995 report by the Department of Defence (DoD) listed Africa at the bottom of the world's regions in strategic terms. In 1998, the National Security Strategy of the U.S. confirmed that America's security interests with regard to Africa were limited. Hence the tendency in the past was to relegate Africa to the periphery of American strategy.
Author Annette SeegersSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 36, pp 52 –77 (2008)More Less
The South African government's Strategic Arms Package (SAP), has been the largest public controversy of the post-Apartheid era. We synthesise the debates about two dimensions of the SAP, military necessity and affordability, in order to get a better understanding of civil-military relations in democratic South Africa. Our synthesis shows that the economic enthusiasm about the SAP is both naïve and an opportunity for government and dominant business and industry to wed their interests in a way that is not that different from the Apartheid era. In military terms, the SAP has equipped the South African Air Force (SAAF) and South African Navy (SAN) for the most improbable of primary missions. The equipment is also not very relevant to secondary missions. The way that the SAP decisions were reached suggests that civil-military relations are marked by the continuing impact of past compromises, corruption and the centralisation of power in the executive branch.
The 'Atomic' despatch : Field Marshal Auchinleck, the fall of the Tobruk Garrison and post-war Anglo-South African relationsAuthor Andrew StewartSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 36, pp 78 –94 (2008)More Less
In January 1948, a despatch written by Field Marshal Sir Claude Auchinleck was published in London. These detailed military operations involving British Commonwealth forces had taken place between November 1941 and August 1942 in the Western Desert of North Africa. Initially submitted to the War Office (WO) five years before, a complex and often bitter political dispute helped ensure that the path of this despatch towards publication would prove a tortuous one.
Author Adrienne AnsemsSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 36, pp 95 –114 (2008)More Less
Somalia, a country composed of four and a half major tribes, namely the Hawiye, centred in Mogadishu, the Darod based in the North, the Dir and the Rahanweyn (the other 40-odd minor tribes falling into the ""half"" category) blundered into the 21st century without a modern state or its institutions (Mbugua, 2004:26). While the country has been without an effective government since 1991, recent reports suggest that, unless immediate action is taken on an international scale, Somalia will continue on its downward trend towards internal collapse.
The oral history of forgotten wars : the memoirs of veterans of the war in Angola, compiled and edited by Gennady Shubin, translated by Peter Sidorov : book reviewAuthor Ian LiebenbergSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 36, pp 115 –117 (2008)More Less
With the commemoration of the battles around Cuito Canavale coming up, various authors are striding Angolan battlefields again. In South Africa a variety of publications is seeing the light. Unfortunately many of these are by former senior officers highlighting their own interpretation of the war, as did many previous publications in South Africa.
Private military and security companies : ethics, policies and civil military relations, Andrew Alexandra, Deane-Peter Baker and Marina Caparini (Eds) : book reviewAuthor Francois VreySource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 36, pp 118 –119 (2008)More Less
This publication contributes to a growing body of literature on a phenomenon, the privatization of the means of coercion, that manifests on the international strategic landscape. Whether a phenomenon one agrees with, or not, private military and security companies form an rising and real feature within the daily life of individuals, communities and states of the international system.