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- Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies
- OA African Journal Archive
- Volume 36, Issue 2, 2008
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies - Volume 36, Issue 2, 2008
Volume 36, Issue 2, 2008
Author Glen SegellSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 36, pp 1 –18 (2008)More Less
NATO answered a call for assistance from the African Union (AU) in their AMIS mission in the Darfur region of Sudan in April 2005, providing airlift and training in conjunction with the European Union until the end of the mission in December 2007. This was the first time that NATO entertained a task on the African continent. NATO undertook the mission on humanitarian grounds without invoking any treaty and without any member state's security being under any direct threat. This was a milestone in NATO's history, and it provides a case to understanding regional alliances, regionalism and the development of trans-regionalism.
Author John HickmanSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 36, pp 19 –35 (2008)More Less
This article presents a conceptual map of the purposes served by continuing custody of prisoners of war and captured non-combatants. Morally legitimate and non-controversial purposes include preventing prisoners of war from rejoining their comrades-in-arms, preventing both prisoners of war and captured non-combatants from giving material support to combatants still in the field, facilitating orderly release and repatriation at the end of hostilities, and the prosecution for war crimes. Morally illegitimate purposes include punishment, exploitation as conscript labour, recruitment or conscription as combatants, exploitation for intelligence, display as proof of victory, and ideological indoctrination. Analysis of historical cases illustrating each purpose reveal that continuing custody is often motivated by multiple purposes, both legitimate and illegitimate. What explains adoption of multiple and illegitimate purposes for continuing custody? Prisoners are available for legitimate and illegitimate purposes because neither elites nor masses within the captor state typically view prisoners as members of the moral community. Continuing custody does not alter the perceived status of the captured as aliens who cannot be intuitively invested with expectations of reciprocity. This suggests both ending custody as soon as legitimate purposes are served and bringing the captured within the moral community while in continuing captivity.
Author Mary NtabeniSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 36, pp 36 –59 (2008)More Less
In 1940, Great Britain's wartime exploitation of the human and material resources of its colonial empire was extended to colonial Lesotho (then known as Basutoland). The aim of this article, therefore, is to trace the four-year military labour mobilisation process in that colony, with special attention to the timing, number and procedures of the recruitment campaigns that were launched, the reasons for Basotho men's willingness or resistance to enlist, and the overall implications for Lesotho of large-scale absenteeism of able-bodied men as migrant and military labour.
Author Willem Le RouxSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 36, pp 60 –76 (2008)More Less
Understanding airspace activity is essential for airspace control. Being able to detect vertical activity in aircraft allows prediction of aircraft intent, thereby allowing more accurate situation awareness and correspondingly more appropriate airspace control response. The method for qualitative vertical activity estimation as presented is characterised by a very fast response time and requires minimal sensor input. The method relies on the interplay of two opposing motion prediction models. The efficacy of the method is demonstrated in both simulated and real-world data.
Cooperation and conflict - the British Army, the Natal government and the prosecution of Natal rebels during the Anglo-Boer WarAuthor Johan WassermannSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 36, pp 77 –98 (2008)More Less
The Natal Afrikaner rebels hardly feature in the historiography of the Anglo-Boer War of 1899-1902. The Times History of the War in South Africa dismisses their rebellion in one sentence, while the Natal Mercury of 25 April 1900 correctly points out that the number of rebels and the scale of the rebellion are rather insignificant when compared with that of the Cape Colony. In the latter, where in contrast to Natal, Afrikaners formed the bulk of the white population, the dynamics of the rebellion was very different. The large number of Afrikaners resident in the Cape Colony acted as a magnet for the Republican forces and as a result, large numbers of Afrikaners took up arms against Britain. From their side, the British authorities acted with a vengeance towards the Cape rebels, executing and imprisoning large numbers.
Author Peter ValeSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 36, pp 99 –112 (2008)More Less
In April 2008, Paul Wolfowitz admitted that the US was ""pretty much clueless on counterinsurgency"" during the first year of the Iraq War. This confession says much about the ongoing war in that country. At that time, it will be remembered, Wolfowitz was the US Deputy Secretary for Defence and together with his boss, the then Secretary of Defence, Donald Rumsfeld, was a leading ""Neo-Con"" (Neo-Conservative) - as this ever more notorious thread of American foreign policy thinking has been called.Six years on - and well over a million Americans and Iraqis dead - the truth is, at last, seeping through about the invasion of Iraq, its immediate aftermath and the drawn-out war.
Author H.A.P. SmitSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 36, pp 113 –114 (2008)More Less
There has always been a long-standing relationship between Geography and the military. In the book Military Geography: from Peace to War, Military Geography is defined as the ""application of geographic information, tools and techniques to military problems"". In the international arena, Military Geography enjoys recognition as a formal sub-discipline with its own speciality group within the Association of American Geographers. Military Geography: from Peace to War is a welcome addition to a rather sparse literature collection of this applied sub-discipline of Geography.
Author Deon VisserSource: Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 36, pp 115 –116 (2008)More Less
Ongulumbashe: Where the Bushwar Began, comprises 18 chapters and tells the story of Operation Blouwildebees, the joint South African Defence Force / South African Police attack on the South West African People's Organisation (SWAPO) base at Ongulumbashe on 26 August 1966, which is generally accepted as the beginning of South Africa's 23-year 'Bush War' in South West Africa (SWA) / Namibia and Angola. The first five chapters sketch a haphazard background to the beginning of the 'Bush War', dealing with the origins of South Africa's involvement in SWA / Namibia, the establishment of SWAPO and the latter's insurgent activities up to August 1966, including the establishment of their base at Ongulumbashe. Chapters 6 to 11 descriptionbe the South African security forces' reconnaissance of the SWAPO base, their preparations for Operation Blouwildebees and the course of the battle at Ongulumbashe. Chapter 12 then interrupts the discussion with a superficial account of the sequence of events after the battle at Ongulumbashe up to the independence of Namibia in 1990. Chapter 13 jumps back to the consequences of Ongulumbashe, followed by a loose potpourri comprising discussions on the personae dramatis (Chapter 14), monuments / memorials (Chapter 15), a collection of photographs and newspaper clippings (Chapter 16), a conclusion (Chapter 17), an unnumbered epilogue by General J.J. Geldenhuys and an elucidation (Chapter 18) comprising explanations of force compositions, equipment used, particular incidents, etc.