oa Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies - The role of military psychology in peacekeeping operations : the South African National Defence Force as an example

Volume 37, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1022-8136
  • E-ISSN: 2224-0020



This article is an interdisciplinary publication focusing on the role and development of military psychology in the South African context. Peacekeeping operations and the results of the first and fifth deployment of the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) are used as background to illustrate the relevance of military psychology in such operations. Peacekeeping operations involve military and often civilian personnel. The nature of peacekeeping operations has become increasingly complex and stressful. It is hypothesised that the stressors that members experience may have a destructive effect on their morale and on the cohesion of the force, and that it could lead to alcohol and drug abuse (Ballone 2000).

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