oa Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies - Harry Smith's last throw - the eighth Frontier War, 1850-1853, Keith Smith : book review

Volume 40, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1022-8136
  • E-ISSN: 2224-0020



In the period 1802 to 1893, the Eastern Cape witnessed the clash of two cultures with the expansion of European colonialism, first under the Dutch and later the British Empire with the indigenous people. The result was nine frontier wars that disposed the Xhosa people of large tracts of land and left them with a fraction of their former possessions in reserves and as British subjects.

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