The article looks at the different kinds of rituals taking place within the work of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) In South Africa. These are: the television news ritual; the ritual of choosing a venue for the hearings in a town; the inaugural worship service in the local township on the Sunday before the hearings commence; the acknowledging of a sacred space for victims; initiation into being one of the few who have been chosen; the exorcism of terrible memories; becoming part of the blessed greater community; and finally the subtle 'scapegoat' ritual that were always responsible (thus creating a nation of martyrs).
The author, a German theologian teaching at the University of Leeds in Britain, reflects on the work of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) In the light of her own German experience and in dialogue with two recent articles by Tinyiko Maluleke. First she compares the TRC process with the Nuremberg trials and the Stuttgart and Darmstadt Declarations in Germany. She then reflects on various dimensions of the TRC process, indicating both her agreements and her differences with Maluleke. She concludes by considering five resources that will enable the TRC process to succeed against all odds, affirming that the struggle of human beings against power is the struggle of memory against oblivion (Kundera).
The author discusses the role of the church in South African society in the past, present and future. In the past the role of the church was connected to the divisions in society. He identifies three kinds of theology in apartheid South Africa: state theology, prophetic theology and church theology. State theology tried to maintain the status quo, prophetic theology was in opposition to the state, while church theology emphasised reconciliation - bringing the two sides together.
The author shows that the quest for black economic empowerment is embedded in the struggles of black people In Zimbabwe. The economic marginalisation of blacks started during colonialism but continues to the present day. Few fundamental changes have taken place in modern Zimbabwe, since economic power is still firmly entrenched in white hands.
The missiological impact of the rapid growth of African Independent Churches AICs) in the African context. The recognition of the existence of equivalent groups in the African diaspora broadens the debates about the contextualisation and Indigenlsation of Christianity. This paper draws attention to the community of Spiritual Baptists In Trinidad, West Indies, founded by free slaves from the Southern States in the early 19th century.