Scholarly interest in the Franciscan missions (1573-1763) of La Florida can be traced to 1925 and books by historians Herbert E. Bolton and Mary Ross. During the 1930s and 1940s, historians used documents to gather more information and to attempt to locate mission sites. From the late 1940s into the 1950s archaeologists joined in that task, a process which continued again in the 1970s.
Archival sources have documented the role of the Franciscan missions (1573-1763) in the colonization of La Florida. Is there corresponding archaeological evidence for the process of colonization? By comparing the pre-mission archaeological record of native peoples with that of their mission-dwelling descendants we can begin to discern such phenomena, including changes in agricultural production and practices, the resettlement and consolidation of native populations: bio-archaeological data, new burial pattems, and the accumulation of specific categories of European-made items.
The frontier mission, or doctrina, has long been cast as the seminal institution of the Spanish colonial state. Missions were the single most important location of colonial and indigenous contact and the context in which colonialism as an historical process was situated. Drawing on material from seventeenth century New Mexico mission settings, this paper examines the social and historical production of the mission as a place.
This paper considers how California Indians negotiated the enculturation programme of the Franciscan missions of Alta California (1769-1830s). With the founding of 21 missions in southern and central California, missionaries subjected coastal hunter and gatherers to an explicit indoctrination programme designed to convert them to the Catholic faith and to civilize them in the ways of Spanish peasants.
An investigation of the 1731 murder of Father Juan Antonio Cantova using a combined archaeological and ethnohistoric approach contributes vital information about Micronesian island communities' abilities to resist missionary rivals to their authoritative structures. Missionary letters are integrated with archaeological data for an enriched understanding of Ulithian and Yapese agency and the motive for Cantova's murder.
In the eighteenth century, the Jesuits attempted to establish missions in the Middle Orinoco, following strategies that had proven successful in other regions. They were confronted, however, with a diverse Native population that continually thwarted the intentions of the colonial agents.
This article aims to tell the story of Gerlachshoop and Thabantsho, primarily based on contemporary articles in the Berliner Missionsberichte. The existence of Gerlachshoop, the Berlin Missionary Society's first mission station north of the Vaal River, was very brief. Founded during 1860, the reason for its existence, to do missionary work among the Bakopa of Boleu, died with the majority of the Bakopa people in a combined Swazi-Boer attack on May 10, 1864.
This article claims that music will playa vital role in a future Lutheran liturgy in the South African mission context. First, Martin Luther's stance towards music is investigated, highlighting his chorales and their use in his liturgical reforms as well as his theological interpretation of music and worship. Secondly, these results are applied to the South African mission context.