Recently deceased ancestors are the spiritual counterparts ofthe living in traditionalist African communities. Rituals mediate the continuing presence of the deceased. The Last Supper is meant to mediate the continuing presence of the crucified Christ among believers in Christ. If Christ is perceived to be a rather distant authority, however, he cannot become the dominant spiritual force in the life of African Christians. As result, they continue to live in two worlds.
Evangelical scholars and some Zionist sentiments have declared Swaziland a Christian country. The ideological foundation of this ambitious call is King Somhlolo's dream on the coming of the white missionaries and settlers to Swaziland. This paper argues that the King's dream need not be subjected to a particular, monolithic interpretation. A literal interpretation of .the dream has the potential of landing Swaziland into a religiously polarised scenario. This paper gives pointers to two alternative readings of the dream, while arguing that the dominant or popular interpretation seems unhelpful in the creation of community in the kingdom of Swaziland.
The fact that Paul was a missionary did not make him a muddled or inconsistent contextualising theologian. There was no static doctrinal 'centre' to Paul's theology; it was a dynamic process of theologising in mission contexts based on a narrative interpretation of the Hebrew Bible. Mission theologians today go wrong if they do not follow Paul's narrative method. Liberation theologies, for example, do not respect the narrative substructure of biblical notions like liberation.
Roland Allen (1868-1947) was a voice crying in the wilderness, who developed a prophetic critique of the modern missionary enterprise and suggested an approach to indigenisation which was far ahead of his time. The article sketches Allen's career and shows in detail how his critique of the missionary enterprise developed, from his brief missionary experience in China to his later life in East Africa.
Victor Frankl's logophilosophy is relevant for a contextual interpretation of Rev 1 :3. According to this philosophy there has to be meaning to life under any conditions, even the worst conceivable. Life has potential meaning under all circumstances. Frankl postulates four avenues by way of which one can attain meaning: creative values, experiential values, attitudinal values and gratitudinal values. An analysis of Rev 1:3 indicates that these values formed the foundation for the implied author's and the readers' search for meaning and ultimate meaning in their existence.