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- Volume 34, Issue 1, 2006
Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies - Volume 34, Issue 1, 2006
Volumes & issues
Volume 34, Issue 1, 2006
Author John AzumahSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 34, pp 5 –21 (2006)More Less
Christian witness to Muslims has been variously discredited among Christians as: imperialistic; destructive of inter-religious relations; a waste of time and resources ('because 'Muslims are too difficult to evangelise'). From the Islamic side it is also rejected. In the face of this critique, there are two main reasons for witness to Muslims: (1) it is a biblical imperative; (2) Muslims have a right to hear the Gospel of Jesus Christ, to have the freedom of access to the Gospel and the freedom to leave Islam if they so desire. 'Strategies' and 'approaches' in Christian witness should be guided by the conviction that God is the one who convicts and converts people, not missionaries or preachers. Christians need to overcome stumbling blocks such as fear of Islam and Muslims, their own prejudices, and their lack of faith that Muslims can come to faith in Christ. Christians also need to develop a friendly Christian presence (visible and public) in Muslim neighbourhoods; to discover their roles as witnesses, not judges; to focus on the person of Jesus instead of dogma. Despite the volume of anti-Christian polemic, the figure of Jesus continues to attract Muslims, fascinate them, speak to them and convict them.
Author Farid EsackSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 34, pp 22 –30 (2006)More Less
The author was asked to speak to Christian missiologists on how Muslims view their own efforts of inviting to Islam (da'wah) and how they view Christian mission. He mainly focuses on da'wah,which is an integral part of Islam. Muslims have the following assumptions about Islam that inform their view of da'wah : (1)The world would be a better place if everyone were Muslim; (2) Islamis the natural religion of all humankind and (3) the world is hungry for Islam. These assumptions are based on the prior assumption that there is a stable Muslim self. However, despite the da'wah imperative in Qur'?n and Hadith, da'wah really does not occupy a significant place in Islamic thought historically. The emergence of texts on da'wah is a phenomenon of the twentieth century.the author sees da'wah as part of post-colonial contestation for Muslim territories and, certainly on the African continent, as part of the scramble for Africa.
Author Jan OpsalSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 34, pp 31 –50 (2006)More Less
Islam and human rights are often seen as contradictions. This article analyses three books written by three African Muslim scholar-activists calling for a dramatic reformation of Islam with regard to issues of human rights. Mahmoud Mohamed Taha and Abdullahi Ahmed an-Na'im are from the Sudan and Farid Esack is from South Africa. Taha and an-Na'im place themselves within the modernist tradition of Islam, whereas Esack regards himself as a radical Muslim inspired by Christian liberation and pluralist theologies. All three of them are developing their views from the Qur'?n by using other methods of interpretation than the traditional ones.
Author David GreenleeSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 34, pp 51 –68 (2006)More Less
Although a great deal of demographic and ethnographic information has been available on Muslim peoples, until recently little analytical research had been done to describe the factors through which God is drawing Muslims to faith in Jesus Christ. Recent studies point to God's diverse methods with the repeated themes of a touch of his love, an encounter with the truth of his word and a sign of his power. This article examines recent insights into conversion with special reference to the edited work From the straight path to the narrow way: Journeys of faith (Greenlee 2006) and the author's own research projects.
Author George N. MalekSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 34, pp 69 –76 (2006)More Less
Christian mission is often done out of disrespect for other people, in an attempt to destroy their religion or convert them. Genuine mission does not focus on religion but on people, so it avoids all violence in the name of God. It acts from love, motivated by God, the Father of all. Formal dialogues do not bring Christians any closer to people of different faiths. What is needed is vulnerable and sacrificial love.
Author Nicole Ravelo-HoersonSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 34, pp 77 –102 (2006)More Less
The primary objective of this article is to engage in an analysis of Islamic gender ideology and its implications for violence against women. This paper argues that the ideological tenets embedded in a patriarchal understanding of Islam foster a mode of gender relations and mores which implicitly and explicitly legitimate violence against women. It highlights the fact that Islam is not monolithic and presents alternative Islamic interpretations of gender ideology.
Author J.L. (Kobus) CilliersSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 34, pp 103 –113 (2006)More Less
During the colonial period the meeting of Christians and Muslims at the Cape of Good Hope was not on an equal footing. At the heart of following Jesus as the Messiah, is the living hope for humankind based on the reconciliation between God and humanity through Jesus's death on the cross. However, the kind of Christianity practised at the Cape did not really present the Muslim slaves and exiles adequate opportunity to discover the hope Jesus Christ came to give to all who believe in Him. Non-Christians need to see the Message and example of Jesus the Messiah in the lives of Christians.
'Standing by God in his hour of grieving' - Christians and Muslims living together in South Africa : theology, history and philosophy of lifeAuthor A.A. (Allan) BoesakSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 34, pp 114 –123 (2006)More Less
Relationships between Muslims and Christians in South Africa are rooted in deep-seated historical, political and familial bonds. Their shared personal and political experiences during the struggle against apartheid have helped them discover shared values that have proved invaluable in that struggle. The tensions between the Muslim world and the West also have an impact in South Africa and form a new challenge for interfaith relationships and co-operation. The spiritual values that bind Christians and Muslims will not only prove indispensable now in the building of South Africa's democracy, but can be an instrument in making a contribution to Muslim-Christian relationships worldwide.
Source: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 34, pp 123 –136 (2006)More Less
The article presents a constructivist perspective on inter-religious encounter. The narrative of a personal journey with inter-religious encounter is told from childhood to the most recent experiences with the issue. Constructionism as a serious post-modern scientific trend is looked at briefly, highlighting some of the characteristics and underlying assumptions. In borrowing extensively from Jonassen in his understanding of constructivist learning environments, the narrative on inter-religious encounter in the article is assessed against the characteristics of constructivist learning environments as identified by Jonassen.
Where do Muslims live in South Africa? An interpretation of religious demography according to Census 1996 and 2001Author Christof SauerSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 34, pp 137 –143 (2006)More Less
This article pursues the following questions: Where did Muslims live in SA in 2001? Where did they live in 1996, at the previous census? What has changed since then? And where are the changes taking place? How have the total numbers changed between 1996 and 2001? What picture is emerging?
The quest for being public church. The South African challenge to the Moravian Church in context (1737-2004), Karel Th. August : book reviewAuthor Phil RobinsonSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 34, pp 144 –146 (2006)More Less
This publication is based on the author's University of Stellenbosch doctoral dissertation. According to the author 'the premise of this book is the conviction that one of the most significant responses to mission today is to see Mission as Transformation.' (p. xxiii) It is his further conviction that a theology shaped by biblical narratives could provide resources to enable people of faith (in this case the Moravians) to regain a public voice in the pluralistic cultural context of South Africa. With that in view the main body of the book forms a diachronic analysis of this phenomenon over three periods in the formation of the Moravian Church in SA (MCSA), namely the missionary era (1737-1960), the autonomous church under apartheid (1960-1994), and the United Moravian Church and its future in a democratic society (1994-). The author undertook a historic-hermeneutical reconstruction of Christian praxis within the Moravian Church through an explorative-descriptive method.
Christology in dialogue with Muslims. A critical analysis of Christian presentations of Christ for Muslims from the ninth and twentieth centuries, Mark Beaumont : book reviewAuthor J.L. CilliersSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 34, pp 146 –147 (2006)More Less
Since the beginning of Islam, the dialogue between Christians and Muslims has mainly concentrated on the person and work of Jesus the Messiah. Mark Beaumont critically analysed past presentations of Christ by Christians to Muslims, and now shares the results in this book. He ministered for five years in a congregation in Scotland before serving as an English teacher in Morocco for ten years. Thereafter he became Director of Mission Studies at the Birmingham Christian College.
Cross-cultural Paul : Journeys to others, journeys to ourselves, Charles H. Cosgrove, Herold Weiss and Khiok-khng YEO : book reviewAuthor G.W.S. Van RooyenSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 34, pp 147 –148 (2006)More Less
The Apostle Paul was a cross-cultural missionary, a Hellenistic Jew who sought to be 'all things to all people' in order to win them to the gospel (1 Corinthians 9:19-23). He may have been at least modestly trilingual, fluent in Greek, but also able in a rudimentary way to read and communicate in Hebrew and Aramaic. He became such a champion of the gentiles that some of his Jewish compatriots accused him of disloyalty to his own people. But Paul was not cross-cultural in a modern sense. The modern concept of 'culture' refers to an integrated pattern of beliefs and practices. Paul did not think of cultures in the plural (p. 3), of each culture as an integrated symbolic world with its own inner logic, or of these worlds as social constructions (something human beings make). He did not distinguish nature and society (culture) the way we do.
Source: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 34, pp 148 –150 (2006)More Less
Sitting on my verandah in Clarens my gaze takes in the Maluti mountains of Lesotho in the distance. It is just natural for me to be interested in the country as such, but more so in the history of Christianity in that kingdom. I therefore immediately picked up this book with the intriguing title, because Morija is the former major mission station of the Paris Evangelical Mission Society (PEMS) that from 1833 was the pioneer mission to the Basotho. I was not only rewarded with an extraordinary read, but got much more than I hoped for.
Author Harold Le RouxSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 34, pp 150 –1581 (2006)More Less
In the very first line of the introduction the author states, 'At the heart of this book lies an ambiguity about the word "mission"'. Dorr is a trained missionary priest from Ireland who has spent most of his life working in what he calls 'missionary areas'. His starting position is that there are two aspects of mission, the mission of God and the mission of the church. In a previous book, Divine Energy (1996), he dealt with the mission of God, but this book tries to examine the mission of the church as it has developed over the centuries. His intention is that this book will give a clearer understanding of what it means to live out the missionary spirit in the present age. At this time the 'missionary enterprise is under serious challenge and rich new opportunities for mission are opening up'. He states that it is clear that we are coming to the end of a missionary era which has lasted for about a 150 years. One of the results of this is that the number of Western missionaries is declining rapidly, and in 15 years time (i.e. about 2015) the number of active missionaries from the West will be very small. He believes that the major reason why 'foreign mission' is drawing to a close is that the broad concept of mission has changed very radically in the last 40 years. These changes are best summarised by his belief that 'dialogue with other religions and spiritual outlooks is not opposed to mission but is a central aspect of it and a pre-condition to any other dimension of mission'.
Geen ander naam : Die belydenis aangaande Jesus Christus as die enigste verlosser, Jannie Du Preez : book reviewSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 34, pp 151 –152 (2006)More Less
The author, emeritus professor of Missiology at the University of Stellenbosch, is known as a capable theologian and has written much on the relationship between the Christian faith and other religions. In this booklet the author re-visits the thorny theme of 'No other name' (Acts 4:12). Translated into English the title would be 'No other name: The confession of Jesus as the only Saviour'.
Author G.A. DuncanSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 34, pp 152 –153 (2006)More Less
This book is an attempt to come to a reasonable understanding of the origins, development and possible resolution of the situation which culminated in the Rwandan genocide of the 1990s. It is difficult for any writer to comment objectively on such a sensitive context, but the author manages to write with passion, and from his own point of commitment as an academic, on the development of the racial ideology in Rwanda, with particular reference to the role of the Christian Churches.
Author Willem SaaymanSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 34, pp 153 –154 (2006)More Less
The author (writing under a pseudonym) introduces himself as 'an Englishman in Holland'. He was born in England but has lived in Holland for most of his life. He is a gay man who first tested HIV+ in 1984, but survived for 18 years before having to go on anti-retroviral (ARV) treatment. After school he joined the White Fathers in order to become a missionary priest, but because of his homosexuality he discontinued his training. He involved himself in a letter-writing campaign in order to 'wake Europe to the enormity of the catastrophe unfolding half a day's journey to the south' (p. 8). One of his letters was to the Catholic magazine The Tablet, taking the bishops to task for their stance against the use of condoms. A Catholic seminarian from Malawi responded to this letter, which gave rise to an invitation for Ham to visit Malawi. He visited Malawi seven times and his experience there, especially his interaction with ordinary Malawians and health care workers (both Malawian and European) motivated the writing of this book.