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- Volume 35, Issue 3, 2007
Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies - Volume 35, Issue 3, 2007
Volumes & issues
Volume 35, Issue 3, 2007
Source: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 35, pp 1 –4 (2007)More Less
World Christianity has in recent times been hit by waves of Pentecostalisation and Christianity in Africa has been no exception. These waves are due to a variety of reasons, notably the phenomena of globalization and the defiant post-secular quest for religion. On the surface, we see the effects of Pentecostalisation in the increased spontaneity in worship across Catholic and Protestant denominations. We have also witnessed the introduction of western (and in a few cases African) musical instruments as part and parcel of worship. Healing has become a budding church industry, within healing pastors criss-crossing the African continent in mega events sometimes called 'crusades' of healing. New satellite television channels beam recorded and live healing services and healing stories from both local and international sources. We have seen the increasing emergence of so-called mega churches, where thousands gather for worship every weekend, in both rural and urban centres across Africa. Some of these churches cater predominantly for the upwardly mobile and middle class populace. In many of these churches, the lingua franca is English, the atmosphere performative, the tempo upbeat and the gestures vigorous, noisy and markedly exaggerated. Could all this be empty show?
"Who is afraid of the Holy Ghost?" : Presbyterians and the Charismatic movement in Nigeria, 1966-1996Author Ogbu U. KaluSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 35, pp 5 –29 (2007)More Less
Since the 1970s, the Presbyterian Church in Nigeria (PCN) has been experiencing the challenge of the dynamic growth of Charismatic groups among its members, particularly youth. Unlike the pneumatic challenge of the AICs, which absorbed much from the indigenous religious tradition, the Charismatic movement was a pneumatic challenge emerging from within the teachings of the mainline churches, as young people sought to create a new religious space for themselves. By using Conflict Theory Analysis, the author identifies three layers of conflict brought about by Charismatisation in the PCN, but examines only the theological and ecclesiological dimensions, at the third (ideological) level of the conflict. The PCN used an encapsulation strategy to contain the flood of young people leaving, which ironically led to the further Charismatisation of the church. Charismatics identify the kindred atmosphere and resonance between African and biblical worldviews, which means that they renegotiate their identity. This dynamic renegotiation of gospel and culture contests the inherited traditions and exacerbates the conflict.
Well healed and well-heeled : pentecostals in the new South Africa - their message, structures and modes of socio-political interventionAuthor Tony BalcombSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 35, pp 30 –42 (2007)More Less
This article is based on empirical research consisting of interviews with thirty Pentecostal pastors, mainly in the Johannesburg area. It refers to the phenomenal growth of Pentecostalism in the last few decades, offers a typology, and does an analysis of its core message, values, and modes of social intervention. Pentecostalism is based on the (unmediated) experience of God and has profound implications for the believer's life in terms of his or her personal sense of agency and power. Modern forms of Pentecostalism offer a home especially to the upwardly mobile and ambitious and feeds into the Zeitgeist of the consumer society.
Author Bryan BornSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 35, pp 43 –66 (2007)More Less
The rapid growth of Bible Life Ministries, a prime example of a new Pentecostal church in Botswana, is largely due to their promise of power - spiritual power that provides individuals with the capacity to experience temporal results, such as health, wealth, and control over one's environment. Faced with the rapid changes brought about by forces, such as urbanisation and globalisation, this church looks to the Spirit of God as it seeks to bridge Western and Setswana cultures, in an effort to contextualise the gospel for present-day Botswana.
Informal Pentecostal : the emergence and growth of Pentecostal churches within Kibera informal settlement, NairobiAuthor Colin G. SmithSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 35, pp 67 –82 (2007)More Less
Following research among Pentecostal churches in one of Nairobi's informal settlements, this paper identifies a particular type of church emerging in these contexts, here described as informal Pentecostal. The distinctive nature of the churches is explored in their relationship to the informal economy and in contrast to mainline and Spiritual churches. The way they relate to both the flows of the rural urban continuum and the nature of informal settlements is examined, and attention is given to the message and ministry of the churches and their pastors within this context. Within a wider discussion of the social impact of Pentecostalism, the paper concludes by exploring the contribution of the churches to urban social transformation.
Author Damaris Seleina ParsitauSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 35, pp 83 –111 (2007)More Less
This paper looks at the Pentecostalisation and Charismatisation of mainline Christianity in Kenya. It examines how Kenyan mainline churches are integrating and appropriating Pentecostal and Charismatic ethos, spirituality, and features in an attempt to survive its impact. The paper maintains that Pentecostal and Charismatic movements that started at the periphery only a few decades ago have now moved to the centre of mainline Christianity in the country. The movement has thus found its way into the heart of mainline churches, thus blurring the sharp distinction between mainline Christianity and Pentecostal and Charismatic Christianity in the country. This has created a major paradigmatic shift in the ethos, spirituality, theology, practices, and programmes of mainline Christianity not only in Kenya, but also in other parts of the world. The paper argues that the movement has contributed to the renewal of Christianity, not only in Kenya but also in East Africa, through spiritual transformation of the personal and the social worlds, and has Charismatised and Pentecostalised mainline Christianity. This is because over the years Pentecostal and Charismatic movements have come to represent a form of religiosity that has become quite popular almost everywhere in East Africa. They have also become an essential part of the contemporary religious scene, which can no longer be ignored by mainline Christianity. This form of Christianity not only plays a significant role in the lives and faith of many Kenyans, but also informs their religious worldview. It is, therefore, important that we try to understand and examine the challenges they pose to African Christianity and find out what lessons can be learned from the challenges identified.
Author Ezra ChitandoSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 35, pp 112 –127 (2007)More Less
Pentecostalism has emerged as a highly significant phenomenon on the religious map of Africa. A number of dimensions of African Pentecostalism, including the gospel of prosperity, its phenomenal growth in Africa, appropriation of media technologies, and others have come under scholarly scrutiny. However, very few studies have examined the theme of African Pentecostalism and HIV, with particular reference to masculinities. Using examples from Zimbabwean Pentecostalism, this article illustrates how Pentecostalism posits the ideal of 'a new man for a new era'. It examines how Pentecostalism seeks to nurture soft masculinities in the wake of the HIV epidemic. The article interrogates the liberating qualities of the new masculinities emerging from Zimbabwean Pentecostalism. It acknowledges that, while the ideals posited by Zimbabwean Pentecostalism are impressive, they have built-in limitations as they continue to be influenced by the old paradigm of male supremacy. The article proposes that liberating masculinities in the HIV era must promote gender justice.
"Hearing in our own tongues the wonderful works of God" : Pentecost, ecumenism and renewal in African ChristianityAuthor J. Kwabena Asamoah-GyaduSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 35, pp 128 –145 (2007)More Less
All Pentecostal churches begin as ecumenical revival movements. Pentecostals do not want to found new churches, but bring life to existing ones. Pentecostalism has blossomed in many parts of the world, including Africa, as an ecumenical enterprise. Its emphasis on the experience of the Spirit, lack of formal liturgical structures and versatile ecclesiology means that, where it is found, Pentecostalism is able to bring together people from across denominations. This paper describes the ecumenical orientation of African Pentecostalism, based on its history, mission and theological focus as observed in Ghana.
Source: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 35, pp 146 –148 (2007)More Less