n Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies - The representation of Asiatic religions and cultures in Catholic education from 1870 until 1950




This article explores how, from a Christian and rationalistic viewpoint, Asiatic religions were presented in Belgian and American Catholic secondary and higher education in the 19th and early 20th century, based on an analysis of apologetic textbooks edited between 1870 until 1950. The study uses contemporary theological constructs such as inclusivism and exclusivism, which describe theological attitudes towards other religions. The article limits itself to the Christian assessments of five Asiatic religions in these textbooks, namely Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Shintoism, and Taoism. The author concludes that the inter-religious paradigm underlying the image formation of these Asiatic religions in the textbooks is inclusivism.


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